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Kuvhima Bushmeat kunotyisidzira kushanya muBotswana Okavango Delta

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Kutyisidzira kunounzwa nekuvhima nyama yemusango zvisiri pamutemo kubazi rekushanya reOkavango Delta muBotswana kwakaziviswa mushumo uchangobva kuburitswa. Botswana haiwanzobatanidzwa nehuzhinji hwekuvhima, zvisinei hazvo mushumo unowana kuti kuvhima nyama zvisiri pamutemo kuri kuitika munzvimbo dzakadai muDelta kuti, "huwandu hwakawanda hwenyama yakashumwa nevamwe vavhimi inoratidza kuvepo kwechinhu chakarongeka chekutengesa indasitiri, ine hunyanzvi hwekukohwa, kutakura uye kurasa huwandu hwezvakakosha. ”

Vavhimi vanosvika mazana masere nemazana masere zvisiri pamutemo vanofungidzirwa kuti mumwe nemumwe ari kukohwa nyama inokwana makirogiramu mazana matatu pagore, zvichimutsa kushushikana kwekuti kushambadzira kwekutengeswa kwemasango kunogona kuva danho rekutanga kunharaunda dzakarongeka dzematsotsi dzinotarisana neshumba, zvipembere nenzou. Chirevo chacho chinotaura zvakare zvinotyisa kuti, "vanhu ndivo chikara chechina chakakurumbira mudunhu," uye kuti, "kukohwa kunowanda kwevanhu uye nezvimwe zvikara zvingangodarika huwandu hwekukura kwehuwandu hwemhando dzinoverengeka dzevasati varere mudunhu."

Kana izvi zvikaitika, hazvisi zvevanhu vemusango chete asi indasitiri yekushanya iyo inogona kunge iri panjodzi. CEO weGreat Plains uye National Geographic Explorer, Derreck Joubert anoti, “Bushmeat muzvishoma inowanzoonekwa se 'kungovhima zvinhu' asi ine zvinosvika kure. Vanovhima zvisiri izvo pavanopinda mumapaki edu enzvimbo nenzvimbo dzinochengeterwa nyama chaizvo vanowanzo nongedzera zvikara nekuti zviri nyore uye zvine ngozi kushanda munzvimbo inovhima pasina mhuka. ”

"Kukwikwidzana pakati pevanhu nezvimwe zvikara zvinodya nyama shoma kunoderedza huremo hwezvinhu zvipenyu," unodaro mushumo uye, "Kubatanidzwa kwenyama isiri yemutemo yekuvhima nekutora nechisikigo kutora kunoratidzika kunge kusingagone uye kunogona kukonzera huwandu hwevanhu inoderera mune dzimwe nzvimbo uye kune dzimwe mhando, ”anodaro Kai Collins, Wilderness Safaris Group Conservation Manager.

Nemhuka dzesango dzichikoshesa kushanya kwakakosha munzvimbo iyi kugogodza pane izvo zvinogona kuve neindasitiri yekushanya mudunhu iri. “Yakanaka chose savanna eco system yekushanya kunoenderana neshumba, nzou nezvipembere kusvika padanho. Kana iyo mhuka hombe, kunyanya zvikara, zvanyangarika, mashiripiti eAfrican safari anoderera uye anogona kutsakatika. Ndiani achaponesa uye auye kuAfrican safari achiziva kuti vane zero mukana wekuona zvikara kana nzou? Saka iyo modhi inoderera nekukurumidza uye zvinoshamisa. Kana izvi zvikaitika imwe indasitiri yemari (yezvekushanya) inoderera, ichikanda vanhu vazhinji pabasa nekuzotengesa nyama, ”anodaro Joubert.

Charl Badenhorst, Operations Director weSanctuary Retreats Botswana, anotsinhira chirevo ichi, "Okavango Delta inoramba iri imwe yenzvimbo dzisati dzavepo uye dzisina kumbonzwa pasi rose ... Zvisinei, bhizimusi renyama - kana rikasiiwa risina kuvhiringidzwa - rinenge riri njodzi huru mukusimudzira uye kutendeka kweiyo Okavango Delta system. ”

Indasitiri yezvekushanya muBotswana iri kushingairira kupa dzimwe nzira dzekuraramisa nharaunda dzakatarisana zvikuru nekusarudza mabasa ane chekuita nezve ecotourism. Aya mabhizimusi makuru ekutengeserana muBotswana ane basa rekuhaya vashandi kubva munharaunda uye zvakare kutsigira nharaunda idzi nenzira yemalevi, miripo, kana mareisi, uye kushanya kwemhuka dzesango kwave kutora chikamu chakakosha mukukura kwenyika mumakore makumi matatu apfuura, ichigadzira 30 mabasa uye ichipa kunosvika gumi muzana muzana yeGDP yeBotswana. Asi chirevo ichi chinoratidza kuti, "kazhinji mari dzekushanya kunoitwa nemhuka dzesango hadzi svike munharaunda dzine urombo padyo kana munzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa."

Mukupindura izvi, Badenhorst, anoti, "Imwe yenzira idzo Sanctuary Retrets iri kubatsira kurwisa izvi ndeyokuumba ruzivo rwakanyanya kuburikidza nedzidzo pamusoro pekukanganisa kushama nyama yemusango pane kugona kwekushanya kwenzvimbo dzavo. Kunyangwe isu takazvipira kune izvi, muridzi uye mutoro unowira pane vanoita sarudzo mukati memharaunda, zvichiita kuti zvive zvakakosha kusvika kuvanhu ava. Isu takaita rombo rakanaka neimwe yenharaunda dzatinoshanda pamwe chete, nemutungamiri wenzanga achiti, 'idzo mhuka idhaimani dzedu', zvichireva kuti dzinofanirwa kuchengetedzwa kuitira kukwezva kushanya kunzvimbo iyi. Rudzi urwu rwekuziva runofanira kukurudzirwa nekuchimbidza kunyanya kuburikidza nekubatana nenharaunda, vanobata, vashanyi pamwe nehurumende pamatanho ese kuti bhizimusi renyama rimiswe zvine mutsindo nekufamba kwenguva. "

Icho chokwadi chekuti chirevo ichi chiripo chiripo chinoratidza huwandu hwakakosha hwekudyidzana pakati pehurumende, indasitiri yekushanya, nharaunda, uye vesaenzi, asi kana rudzi urwu rwekuvhima rukasiyiwa rusingarambwe mamiriro acho anogona kuchinja nekukasira, zvichisiya vanhu vazhinji mukukuvara kwavo, kusanganisira indasitiri yekushanya. Tichifunga nezve izvo zvavanofanira kusunungura, mubvunzo unofanirwa kubvunzwa: Vezvevatori veshanyi vari kuita zvakakwana kuwana mhinduro mukutamba chinzvimbo chakaringana mukurwisa poaching?

by Janine Avery

 

 

 

 

 

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Nezvomunyori

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz akaramba achishanda muindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya kubva achiri mudiki kuGerman (1977).
Iye akatanga eTurboNews muna 1999 sebhuku rekutanga repamhepo pamhepo yepasirese yekushanya indasitiri yekushanya.