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Chekutanga Tourism Innovation Center muAmerica: Yakagamuchirwa uye yakatsigirwa neUNWTO

PM-Global-Musangano
PM-Global-Musangano

Nyeredzi ichangoburwa muindasitiri yepasirese yekushanya neyekushanya nhasi iri kubva kuJamaica uye kwete imwe Edmund Bartlett, Gurukota rezvekushanya muJamaica. Kufamba uye Tourism Kuchengetedza kwaive pamusoro pechirongwa apo The Hon. Edmund Bartlett akaita hurukuro yake panguva inoenderera mberi 63rd UNWTO Regional Commission yeAmerica uye Seminari yepasi rose pamusoro peKupiwa Kwevanhukadzi muChikamu cheKushanya muParaguay. Musangano weUNWTO uri kuitirwa pamwe chete neNational Secretariat yeKushanya kweParaguay (SENATUR).

Kuedza kusingaite kwakaiswa neaimbova Secretary-General weUNWTO Taleb Rifai pamwechete naMinister Bartlett, uye chiitiko chakagadzwa gore rapfuura munaNovember pamwe nekuzivisa kweMontego Bay mushure mekupedzisa yakabudirira kwazvo UWWTO Global Musangano weMabasa uye kuwedzera kukura muJamaica. Gurukota reJamaica rakaitira chiitiko ichi.

Chirevo cheMontego Bay chakaratidza kudiwa kwekudzikisira kushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze uye kugadzirisa kugadzirira kwedambudziko, kusanganisira kuzvipira pakati penyika dzeCaribbean kushanda mukubatanidzwa kwenzvimbo uye kutsigira Global Tourism Resilience Center muJamaica, kusanganisira Sustainable Tourism Observatory kubatsira mukugadzirira, manejimendi. , uye kupora kubva kumatambudziko.

Mangwanani ano kumusangano weRegional Commission for the Americas, Gurukota Bartlett vapa hurukuro yavo pakugadza nekugamuchira iyo yekutanga Tourism Innovation Center muAmerica. Musangano wekutanga wakarongwa muMontego Bay mu2019.

Iye zvino UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvil akaenderera mberi nekutsigira rutsigiro rweUNWTO kwenzvimbo yedunhu.

Heino chinyorwa cheiyo presentation yakaitwa nhasi neMutungamiriri weJamaica uye ikozvino yakatsigirwa uye yakatsigirwa neRegional Commission yeAmerica kuUNWO

MANGWARO NOKUDZIDZISWA

Mumakumi maviri emakore apfuura, nzvimbo zhinji dzakatenderedza pasirese dzakatarisana nematyisidziro ekunze nematambudziko emukati (pamwechete kukanganiswa), izvo zvinokanganisa kugona kwavo kuzadzisa zvinangwa zvavo uye kugona kwavo. Kuvhiringidzika uku kunosanganisira, pakati pezvimwe zvinhu, shanduko yemamiriro ekunze uye njodzi dzinongoitika dzega, utsotsi hwemakomputa uye kuchengetedzwa kwekombuta, hosha uye denda, pamwe nehugandanga nehondo.

Epidemics uye Pandemics

Kutyisidzira kwezvirwere uye denda kwave kuri kwechokwadi kuvhenekera nekuda kwechimiro chechikamu icho chinosanganisira kufamba kwepasirese uye kusangana kwepedyo pakati pemamirioni avanhu. Iko kutyisidzira kwakazove kwakanyanyo taurwa zvakanyanya pamusoro pemakumi maviri emakore apfuura.

Nyika nhasi ine hukama hwakabatana neiyo yazvino vhoriyamu, kumhanya, uye kusvika kwekufamba kusati kwamboitika. Anenge angangoita mabhiriyoni mana nzendo dzakatorwa nendege gore rapfuura chete. Kutyisidzira kwezvirwere uye denda zvinowedzera kupfuura chikamu chekushanya uye zvinoramba zviri njodzi huru kune hutano nekuchengetedza kwevanhu. Izvi zvakamanikidza Sangano rezvehupfumi kudyidzana pamwe nekusimudzira (OECD) kuzivisa hutachiona kuve nyaya dzekuchengetedza pasirese uye neRamangwana Kudengenyeka. kukumbira nyika kuti dzipire kuzvinhu zvepamusoro zvematongerwo enyika uye zvebhajeti kukwirisa denda kusimudzira kuchengetedzeka kwevanhu nenzira imwecheteyo yekudzivirira neyemari inoshandiswa, semuenzaniso, inoiswa pamberi kusimudzira kuchengetedzeka kwenyika.

Chirevo cha2008 chakaitwa neWorld Bank, chakayambira kuti denda repasi rose rinotora gore rinogona kukonzeresa hupfumi hwepasi rose nekugumisa kuti kurasikirwa kwehupfumi hakuuye kubva pakurwara kana kufa asi kubva kune izvo zvinonzi neWorld Bank "kuedza kudzivirira hutachiona": kudzikisira kufamba kwemhepo, kunzvenga kufamba kuenda kunzvimbo dzine hutachiona, uye kudzikisira kushandiswa kwemasevhisi akadai sekudyira muresitorendi, kushanya, kutakura vanhu, uye kushambadzira kushoma.

Shanduko Yemamiriro ekunze uye Njodzi Dzakasikwa

Shanduko yemamiriro ekunze iko zvino ndiyo njodzi iri padhuze yakatarisana nevekushanya nedunhu rakakura reCaribbean. Tembiricha dzinodziya dziri kukwidza mwero wegungwa uye dzinogadzira mwaka wakareba wedutu nemadutu akasimba uye akasimba. Kusanaya kwakanyanya kuri kuomesa zviwanikwa zvemvura, zvinomera.

uye goho rekurima. Kukwira kwenzvimbo dzegungwa kuri kuparadzawo mahombekombe egungwa, jecha, mangrove uye kukanganisa magungwa. Gore rapera chete kufamba kweHurricanes Irma naMaria kwakakanganisa zvikuru nyika gumi nenhatu dzenyika dzinovimba nekushanya munzvimbo iyi dzinosanganisira St. Martin, Anguilla, Dominica, Barbuda, St. Barts, The British Virgin Islands, The US Virgin Islands, Turks & Caicos, Iyo Dominican Republic uye Puerto Rico. Dzimwe nzvimbo dzakakuvara pamusoro pe13% yezvivakwa zvavo.

Kufanotaura kunoratidza kuti mutengo wekusaita basa muCaribbean unosvika ku22% yeGDP ne2100 uye 75% yeGDP yevamwe vehupfumi hwakanyanya. Izvi zvechokwadi zvinoratidzira dambudziko remangwana reCaribbean hupfumi kana kusimba kwekushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze kusingadzosere.

Ugandanga neHondo

Kunyange Jamaica isina kumbobvira yatarisana nehugandanga hwakakomba, isu tave kushanda mune yakasarudzika nyowani apo patinofanirwa kunge takagadzirira chero chinoitika. Kurwiswa kwechangobva kuitika kwemagandanga munzvimbo dzekushanya dzakadai seBarcelona, ​​Paris, Nice, Tunisia, Egypt, Bohol muPhilippines, Turkey, Las Vegas, Florida neBali muIndonesia neAlgeria zvakaratidza kuti hapana kwainoenda kwakachengeteka kubva pakurwiswa nemagandanga. Nekuwedzera, zvinhu zvine hukasha zvinowedzera hugandanga hwepasi rose zviri kupararira munzvimbo uye zviri kutora nhengo kubva kumativi ese epasi.

Kuchengetedzwa kwekuenda kunofanirwa kuve kwekutanga kukoshesa kwevatambi venyika kushanya. Kurwiswa kwakakomba kwekutyisidzira kunogona kukonzera kukuvara kwakanyanya kunzvimbo inokwezva, kutsausa mafambiro kubva kunzvimbo dzakakanganiswa, kukanganisa hutungamiri hweramangwana uye kukanganisa hupfumi hwenyika hwakanganisika.

Cyber-mhosva uye maCyberwars

Chekupedzisira, isu parizvino tinoshanda munyika ine dhijitari uko isu tave kumanikidzwa kuchengetedza vashanyi uye zvechokwadi vagari kubva kune zvese zvinooneka uye zvisingaoneki kutyisidzira. Nzvimbo yedhijitari yave musika weindasitiri yekushanya. Kutsvagisa kwekuenda, kubhuka, kuchengetedza, nzvimbo yekushandira uye kushanya kwezororo kunoitwa online kuburikidza nemakadhi echikwereti. Kuchengeteka hakucharevi kudzivirira vashanyi kubva kutyisidziro dzenyama asi zvakare zvinoreva kudzivirira vanhu kubva kutyisidziro dzeinternet (kubiridzira kweinternet, kuba chitupa, nezvimwewo) Ichokwadi zvakadaro kuti nzvimbo zhinji dzevashanyi mudunhu hadzina hurongwa hwekuchengetedza kana paitika cyber-kurwiswa.

Nepo chikamu chezvekushanya chichigara chakatsiga, chikamu ichiwo ndechimwe chevanonyanya kutarisana nekukanganisa uku. Mumakumi maviri emakore apfuura, masangano akati wandei akaedzawo kugadzirisa zvimwe zvezvinonetsa izvi, asi hapana sangano riripo kupa zvakakwana nzira dzekugadzirisa nehukama. Kusavapo kwechinhu chakadai kunokanganisa kugona kwenzvimbo dzepasi rose kuwedzera kushanya kwavo. Izvi pasina mubvunzo zvine zvirevo zvakakura pakuzadzisa zvinangwa zveSustainable Development Goals. Kuona kugadzikana kwechikamu kwakakosha kuchengetedza uye kusimudzira hupenyu hwemamiriyoni evagari kutenderera pasirese.

Global Center ye Tourism Resilience uye Crisis Management ichadaidzwa kuti ishande munzvimbo yepasirese inoonekwa kwete nezvinetso zvitsva chete, asi nemikana mitsva yekuvandudza chigadzirwa chekushanya pamwe nekuona kugadzikana kwekushanya pasi rese.Iri Center rinomiririra tariro uye nekuenderera mberi kwekuenderera mberi kwekushanya sechigadzirwa chemuno nedunhu uye sebhizimusi repasirese.

2. ZVINANGWA ZVEMAZUVA

Chinangwa chambotaurwa chichaitwa kuburikidza nezvinangwa zvinotevera:

1. Tsvagiridzo nekuvaka kugona

a. Ipa chaiyo-nguva uye neruzivo ruzivo rwakanangana nezviripo uye zvinogoneka kana zvingangoita kukanganisa / njodzi kunzvimbo dzinoenda;

b. Govera kutaurirana, kushambadzira uye rubatsiro rwekumaka kunzvimbo dzinoitika nekukanganiswa / nenjodzi, kukurumidza kupora;

c. Ipa ruzivo rwebhizinesi uye ruzivo rwe data dhata kune dzinoenda;

d. Ipa mhinduro dzematongerwo enyika kuhurumende, masangano epasirese, nzanga dzevanhu uye mabhizinesi ane chekuita nekusimba kwekushanya; uye

e. Ita tsvagurudzo yekucheka-cheka ine chekuita nekukanganisa kwazvino uye kungangoitika kana njodzi kunzvimbo dzinoenda uye, kukudziridza nzira dzekudzikisira kugadzirisa kukanganiswa nenjodzi idzi.

2. Kutsigira

a. Ipa mhinduro dzemitemo kuhurumende, masangano epasirese, nzanga dzevanhu uye mabhizinesi ane chekuita nekusimba kwekushanya.

b. Lobby masangano epasi rese nevose vane chekuita kuti vave chikamu chematambudziko epasirese mukumira kwekushanya nekugadzirisa dambudziko.

c. Kwayedza mari uye / kana mikana yekuvandudza yekuvandudza mhando yezvakabuda kumatunhu emahara ekudzidzisa mahotera senge MOYO muJamaica. Izvi ndezvekuona kugadzikana kweindasitiri yekushanya kuburikidza nekuvandudza mhando yemhando. Imwe yekutyisidzira kukuru kukushanya kwekushanya ndiyo mhando yehupfumi hwevanhu mukati mechikamu.

d. Onai kuti masangano anokudza zvavakaita kuburikidza nekushandisa nzira dzekurudzira.

3. Project / Chirongwa Management

a. Ronga nekumisikidza masisitimu ekugadzirisa matambudziko ayo anoderedza kukanganisa kwenjodzi;

b. Batsira kudzoreredza kwenyika dzakakanganiswa nenjodzi;

c. Wongorora kudzoka kwenzvimbo dzakakanganiswa nedambudziko;

d. Ita tsvagurudzo yekucheka-cheka ine chekuita nekukanganisa kwazvino uye kunogona kuitika kana njodzi kunzvimbo dzinoenda uye, kugadzira marongero ekuderedza ekugadzirisa kukanganisa uku nenjodzi;

e. Ipa kudzidziswa uye kuvaka kugona mukushingirira kushinga uye kugadzirisa dambudziko;

f. Dzidzisa nekuvaka kugona kwenhengo dzayo munzvimbo dzinotevera:

i. Vatsvakurudzi

ii. Dambudziko uye Risk Management Vanoongorora

iii. Tourism Resilience Nyanzvi

iv. Tourism Resilience Vamiriri

v. The Center ichapawo (1) yekutsvagurudza mukana wekudyidzana kune vanhu vari kutsvaga kuwedzera ruzivo rwavo kana kuwana ruzivo mukushanya kwekushinga uye kugadzirisa matambudziko kuburikidza nekutsvagisa kwekupedzisira, uye (2) internship kune avo vakapedza kudzidza uye vakapedza kudzidza muminda yekudzidza inoenderana kushanya kwekushanya uye kugadzirisa matambudziko;

g. Ipa mhinduro dzemitemo kuhurumende, masangano epasirese, nzanga dzevanhu uye mabhizinesi ane chekuita nekusimba kwekushanya;

h. Shingairira kushanya kwekushingirira uye maforamu ekugadzirisa matambudziko, misangano, uye hurukuro dzeveruzhinji dzakanangana nekuunza nyanzvi pamwe nehunyanzvi pamwechete kuti vagovane ruzivo uye marongero ekuti vave vakasimba sei uye vakanyanya kugadzirisa njodzi.

4. Kuongorora nekuongorora Chikwata

Iyo Center ichapawo Ekutarisa uye Kuongorora masevhisi kuburikidza neChirongwa cheKuwongorora uye Kuongorora. Ichi chikamu chinonyanya kuve nebasa rekumira-kusaongorora zvinhu zvese zvine chekuita neyekushanya chikamu. Chikwata ichi chichava nebasa rekuwongorora pasi rose pamwe nedunhu muchikamu chekushanyirwa mukuedza kuona matambudziko anoita kunge madiki anogona kukanganisa indasitiri pamwe nezvinetso zvisingafanoonekwi izvo zvisina hunyanzvi. Izvi zvinoita kuti chikamu chiwedzere kushingairira nekupa fungidziro uye kufanoona. Chikwata ichi chinobva chashanda senhare kana chivheneko chekushanya pasi rese.

Chinangwa chekutarisa chechikamu ichi chichaitirwawo kudzidzisa vanhu kutora chikamu mumisangano yekushanya yakaita semusangano weUNWTO wakaitirwa kuMontego Bay nguva pfupi yadarika, misangano yekushanya nekukurukurirana pamwe nekuramba uchiziva zviitwa, zviito, marongero uye kuzvipira kwezvose zvakakosha vanobatana mubazi rezvekushanya. Ichi chikamu chichaumba dhatabhesi yepasirese yezvose zvakarongwa, zvakazvipira uye zvirikuenderera zvirongwa kana zviitiko nevese vanoita izvi - zvakanyanya Global Tourism To-Do Chinyorwa. Nekuita izvi, iyo Center inokwanisa kusimudzira zviri nani uye kukumbira vane chekuita nekuvayeuchidza nezvezvisungo zvavo pamwe nekupa ruzivo kuvanhu vanofarira kana masangano. Izvi zvinobatsira kudzikamisa pasi rese zviitiko zvekushanya pamwe nekugadzira pfungwa yekufanana mune zviitiko zvepasirese zvepasirese.

Iyo yekutarisa uye Kuongorora chikamu cheCentre ichatorawo fomu yeVirtual Tourism Observatory. Zvakafanana, kuEuropean Union Tourism Observatory, ino yekuongorora.

inotarisira kutsigira vagadziri vemitemo uye mabhizinesi kugadzira masisitimu ari nani ekukwikwidza kwepasirese chikamu.

Iyo Virtual Tourism Observatory inopa mukana wekuwana muunganidzwa wakakura weruzivo, dhata uye ongororo pane zvazvinoitika mubazi rezvekushanya. Iyo Observatory saka ichave ichiwanikwa kuti iwanikwe nevanhu vese vanofarira dhata pane zvekushanya mune chero nyika / dunhu. Ichi chekutarisa chichawedzera kudzidza kwehunyanzvi nekusanganisira ichangoburwa manhamba pane echikamu mafambiro uye mavhoriyamu, hupfumi uye kukanganisa kwezvakatipoteredza, uye mavambo uye chimiro chevashanyi. Mucherechedzo achabatana nemamwe masangano akafanana pasirese.

Iyo yekutarisa ichave iine inotevera ruzivo / dhata:

 Nyika Yevashanyi Maprofiles.

 Nhamba dzekushanyirana dzine mushandisi-inoshamwaridzika uye inofambidzana mashandiro ekushandira ayo anotendera vashandisi kuwana magirafu nemachati, uye kushandisa iyo data kuti ibudise matanho ezvepakati maitiro uye mashoma bivariate ongororo.

 Zvidzidzo nemishumo kubva kumativi ese epasi anoenderana nekushanya.

 Mazano ekufambisa kumatunhu ese.

 Nzvimbo dzakanakisa dzevashanyi uye zvinokwezva kumatunhu ese.

3. ZVIMBORO ZVEKUTONGA ZVINONYANYA

Iyo Center ichave inoshandirwa nenyanzvi dzinozivikanwa pasi rese nehunyanzvi munzvimbo dzekutarisira mamiriro ekunze, manejimendi manejimendi, manejimendi manejimendi manejimendi, manejimendi dambudziko rekushanya, manejimendi manejimendi, kushambadzira kushambadzira uye kushambadzira pamwe nekutarisa uye kuongorora..

 Iyo Center ichatungamirwa naMutungamiriri anova anoona nezve manejimendi manejimendi eCentre uye nekupa mashandiro, musangano, uye masisitimu kutungamira kweCentre..

 Director vanozobatsirwa nematatu (3) Mahofisi Echirongwa.

Chirongwa Hofisi - Advocacy

Programme Officer - Tsvagiridzo nekuvaka kugona

Chirongwa Officer - Zvirongwa

Kuongorora uye Kuongorora Mahofisi

 Director uye maPurogiramu Mahofisi vanozove chikamu cheBhodi revatungamiririVamwe vese vebhodhi vachakokwa kuti vashande zvichibva pamazano akaitwa kubva kuMinistry of Tourism, Iyo Yunivhesiti yeWest Indies, nemamwe mapoka evanobata..

 Bhodhi richabatsirwa neVatsvagiri, VaCrisis uye Risk Management Analysts, Tourism Resilience Nyanzvi, uye Tourism Resilience Advocates avo vese vachashanda kuzadzikisa zvinangwa zveCentre.

4. NZVIMBO

Iyo Center ichagara paYunivhesiti yeWest Indies, Mona Campus (UWI)Iyo Campus ine nzvimbo mbiri muJamaica - Montego Bay uye KingstonYakagadzwa mu1948, iyo Yunivhesiti yeWest Indies inyika yepasirese, inzvimbo yepamusoro redzidzo yepamusoro inoita kutsvagisa nekusimudzira yakagadzirirwa kutsigira kukura kwehupfumi nehupfumi hwenzvimbo yeCaribbean..

Yunivhesiti ine chinangwa chekufambisira mberi kudzidza, kugadzira ruzivo uye kukurudzira hunyanzvi hwekushandurwa kwakanaka kweCaribbean nenyika yepasireseIyi Mission yeYunivhesiti inoenderana zvakakwana nezvinangwa chaizvo zvechikoro ichi sezvo ichipa chikuva, kuburikidza nenzvimbo ino yepamusoro, kusimudzira mvumo yeyunivhesiti yekusimudzira hunyanzvi uye shanduko yakanaka kuburikidza nekusimba kwekushanya nekusimudzira.

Kuva musha kune vamwe vakajeka pfungwa, vadzidzi, uye vaongorori vanobva mudunhu rese nekupfuura, iyo University ichaita nenzira kwayo imba iyo Center ichipa yakasikwa uye yakagadzirira dziva re

zviwanikwa kubva kuCentre zvinokwanisa kuwana yakanakisa hunyanzvi hwevanhu kusimudzira kuedza kwayoIUWI inopawo nharaunda yekudyidzana pakati uye pakati pezvimwe zvakatosimbiswa

uye yakagadziriswa masosi epasi rose mukuita kwekugovana ruzivo, marongero, uye hunyanzvi mukuzadzisa zvinangwa zvekupedzisira zveCentreYunivhesiti inozvirumbidza 8 | P zera

mukurumbira wepasirese wepasi rose uyo unosimudzira kutendeseka kweCentre nenzira yekufananidza seCentre ichaitawo, mukuita kwayo, kusimudzira basa rese uye chiratidzo cheYunivhesiti..

5. MATANHO ANOTEVERA

Iyo Center yakagadzwa kuYunivhesiti yeWest Indies Mona Campus. Parizvino tiri mukushandira Center pamwe nekuvaka kudyidzana mukuvandudza chimiro chedu cheprojekti. Parizvino, isu takabudirira kuita zvinotevera masangano:

 Bournemouth University, England

 Campari

 Carnival Cruise Line

 Yunivhesiti yeQueensland, Australia

 Digicel

Isu tiri zvakare munzira yekuongorora anotevera epasirese mapurojekiti nezve mamiriro ekunze:

1. Ongororo yepasi rose yekuongorora inoongorora maitiro evashanyi pakuchengetedza kwezvakatipoteredza uye shanduko yemamiriro ekunze kana uchifamba.

2. Kuenzanisira kwepasirese kunoongorora mafungire kune Shanduko Yemamiriro ekunze.

3. Kuyambuka kudzidza kwenyika kunoongorora kugadzikana uye nzira dzekugadzirisa mukupindura shanduko yemamiriro ekunze.

4. Kunyoresa.

5. Mari.

6. Summit - Mugovera, Gunyana 22, 2018.

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Nezvomunyori

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz akaramba achishanda muindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya kubva achiri mudiki kuGerman (1977).
Iye akatanga eTurboNews muna 1999 sebhuku rekutanga repamhepo pamhepo yepasirese yekushanya indasitiri yekushanya.