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Yemukati Yekushanya Inoenderera Kuwedzera Kudzokedzana Nepo Kufamba Kwenyika Dzese Zvakanyanya Kumira

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Yemukati Yekushanya Inoenderera Kuwedzera Kudzokedzana Nepo Kufamba Kwenyika Dzese Zvakanyanya Kumira
Yemukati Yekushanya Inoenderera Kuwedzera Kudzokedzana Nepo Kufamba Kwenyika Dzese Zvakanyanya Kumira
rakanyorwa Harry Johnson

Pakati paNdira naMay, vashanyi vepasirese vashanyi vaive 85% pazasi pematanho e2019.

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  • Nzvimbo dzepasirese dzakanyora 147 miriyoni vashoma vanosvika kune dzimwe nyika vachienzaniswa nenguva yakafanana ya2020.
  • Zvishoma kumusoro kumusoro maitiro akabuda sezvo dzimwe nzvimbo dzakatanga kurerutsa zvirambidzo uye kuvimba kwevatengi kwakasimuka zvishoma.
  • Tourism yepasi rese iri kunhonga zvishoma nezvishoma, kunyange kupora kuchiri kusimba uye kusaenzana.

Dambudziko rakakura kwazvo munhoroondo yekushanya kunoenderera kusvika mugore rechipiri. Pakati paNdira naMay, vashanyi vepasirese vashanyi vaive 85% pazasi pematanho e2019 (kana kudonha 65% pa2020), razvino dhata rinoratidza.

Kunyangwe paine mudiki mudiki muna Chivabvu, kubuda kwe Covid-19 misiyano uye kuenderera kumisikidzwa kwezvirambidzo kuri kuyera pamusoro pekudzokororwa kwekufamba kwenyika. Zvichakadaro, kushanya kwemumba kuri kuramba kuchikwira munzvimbo zhinji dzepasi.

Idzo dhata dzazvino dzinoratidza kuti pamusoro pemwedzi mishanu yekutanga yegore, nzvimbo dzepasirese dzakanyora 147 mamirioni mashoma vashanyi vekunze (vashanyi veusiku) zvichienzaniswa nenguva imwecheteyo ye2020, kana mamirioni mazana mana nemakumi masere pasi pegore risati ratakura re460. Zvisinei, iyo data inonongedzera kuchimuko chidiki muna Chivabvu, nevanosvika vachiderera ne2019% (maringe naMay 82), mushure mekudonha ne2019% muna Kubvumbi. Iyi idiki yekukwira tsika yakabuda sezvo dzimwe nzvimbo dzakatanga kurerutsa zvirambidzo uye kuvimba kwevatengi kwakasimuka zvishoma.

Nematunhu, Asia nePacific zvakaramba zvichitambura kuderera kukuru ne 95% kudonha kune vanosvika kune dzimwe nyika mumwedzi mishanu yekutanga ya2021 zvichienzaniswa nenguva imwecheteyo muna 2019. Europe (-85%) yakanyora kuderera kwechipiri pakukura kune vanosvika, inoteverwa neMiddle East (-83%) uye Africa (-81%). MaAmerican (-72%) akaona kuderera kudiki. Muna Chikumi, huwandu hwenzvimbo dzine kuvharwa kwakakwana kwemiganhu yakaderera kusvika pa63, kubva ku69 muna Kukadzi. Pakati peizvi, makumi matatu nematatu aive muAsia nePacific, neanomwe chete muEurope, nzvimbo inezvirambidzo zvidiki pakufamba parizvino.

Nezvikamu, maCaribbean (-60%) akarekodha yakanakisa kuita kuburikidza naMay 2021. Kukura kwekufamba kubva kuUnited States kwakabatsira nzvimbo dzekuCaribbean neCentral America, pamwe neMexico. Western Europe, Maodzanyemba neMediterranean Europe, South America neCentral America vakaona zvabuda nani muna Chivabvu pane muna Kubvumbi.

Tourism yepasi rese iri kunhonga zvishoma nezvishoma, kunyange kupora kuchiri kusimba uye kusaenzana. Kukwidza kunetseka pamusoro peiyo Delta musiyano wehutachiona hwakatungamira nyika dzinoverengeka kudzoreredza matanho anodzvinyirira. Uye zvakare, kusagadzikana uye kushayikwa kwemashoko akajeka pamusoro pekupinda zvinodiwa zvinogona kuramba zvichirema pamusoro pekutangazve kwekushanya kwenyika dzese munguva yeNorth Hemisphere mwaka wezhizha. Nekudaro, zvirongwa zvekudzivirira vanhu kutenderera pasirese, pamwe chete nezvirambidzo zvidiki kune vafambi vakabaiwa uye kushandiswa kwemidziyo yedigital yakadai Chitupa cheEU Dhijitari COVID, zvese zviri kubatsira mukudzikamisa zvishoma nezvishoma kufamba.

Uye zvakare, kufamba mudzimba kuri kutyaira kudzoka munzvimbo zhinji, kunyanya dziya dzine misika mikuru yekumba. Simba remukati wechigaro chemhepo muChina neRussia ratopfuura kare matambudziko epamberi, nepo kufamba mudzimba muUnited States kuri kusimbisazve.

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