China yakapomera pamusoro pehurongwa hwekubhadhara mari yekuganda yeUganda

china uye uganda
china uye uganda
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Makambani anokosha eUganda ekumisa rafting uye ekushanya ari kuita bhizinesi mumupata wepamusoro weNile ari pamusoro pezvirongwa zvekuvaka rimwe dhamu paNire.

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Uganda’s key rafting and travel adventure companies doing business along the upper Nile valley are up in arms over plans to build another dam on the Nile. This dam could effectively wipe out rafting, a lucrative adventure activity for tourists, which Uganda has become known for over the past two decades, should the preferred high dam be constructed.

When the Bujagali hydro-electric power plant and dam was constructed, financed in part with World Bank money, the Ugandan government gave a binding undertaking on certain offset measures to be taken which included the integrity of Mabira Forest as much as keeping certain clearly-mapped-out downstream sections of the river free of any further dams which could impact on local communities and the tourism industry which has become a major employer and revenue source for the area.

Chibvumirano, chakaonekwa zvizere nemunyori wenhau, chakasainwa musi waChikunguru 18, 2007 pakati peInternational Development Association nehurumende yeUganda uye chinoverengwa muzvikamu zvakakosha: "Zvinosungirwa kuUganda pasi pechibvumirano cheRudzikinuro hazvichinjiki, zvakakwana uye hazvitenderwi," kusunga nyika kuti irege kuita chero chinhu chingakanganisa chikamu cherwizi chiri kutaurwa, chimwe chinhu chirimwa chitsva cheIsimba chirimwa manje chinoita sekunge hachina hanya.

Chikwata che "Save Adventure Tourism muUganda" chave kunyorera kuWorld Bank kuti vadzokerezve kudiwa kwekuzvipira kweUganda kuremekedza chibvumirano chakatemwa pamwe nekuratidza kukanganisika kwechirongwa chemadhamu, zvinofanirwa, sezvakataurwa munyori uyu nemitauro yakati wandei, sarudzo yeiri yepamusoro dhamu vhezheni yakaiswa.

Kutanga quote:

Isu tinonzwisisa kuti ndimi vamiririri veWorld Bank muUganda, uye tanzwa kuti paive nenyaya yaizokufadzai, takatumirawo email yakafanana kuna Somin Mukheriji, uyo watinotenda kuti ndiye mutungamiriri weboka Bujagali Hydropower Chirongwa. Ndokumbirawo utibvumire kuti titsanangure, uye tigamuchire ruregerero kana zvimwe zvacho uchitozviziva.

Seyero yekudzora kubva kuBujagali Hydro Project muUganda chibvumirano cheKalagala Offset pakati peWorld Bank neHurumende yeUganda chakaumbwa kuchengetedza zvikamu zvakasara zverwizi mudunhu iri. Iyo Isimba Hydropower chirongwa ikozvino chinotyisidzira dunhu iro, nedura rakarongwa richizadza chikamu chakakosha chenzvimbo yakachengetedzwa.

Seboka revagari vane hanya, vatengesi uye vanhu vebhizinesi isu tinobata chikamu ichi cherwizi zvakanyanya kwazvo mumoyo medu. Zvakare nekuve inoshamisa nzvimbo, inopawo yakasarudzika uye yakasarudzika sosi iyo yakabvumidza iyo yese indasitiri yekushanya kuvaka mudunhu, ichigadzira mabasa mazhinji emuno nekusimbisa matunhu ezvekushanya.

Members of Save Adventure Tourism in Uganda (S.A.T.U.) recently met with the Ugandan Electricity Generation Company LTD (U.E.G.C.L.), Ugandan Electricity Transmission Company Ltd (U.E.T.C.L.) and the Ministry of Energy and Mineral development (M.E.M.D.).

Imwe yenyaya dzakakosha dzakauya yaive Kalagala Offset Chibvumirano. Zvakatsanangurwa pamusangano nenhengo ye Ministry for Energy dept. kuti nhengo dzeWorld Bank dzave mukukurukurirana neHurumende yeUganda nezve zvekuita nenyaya yekuti Isimba inotyora Chibvumirano cheKalagala Offset. Izvo zvakacherechedzwa nenhengo dzeMEMD kuti huwandu hwesarudzo hwaive kutariswa neWorld Bank nezve maitiro ekugadzirisa nyaya iyi. Izvo zvakatsanangurwa kuti imwe yemhinduro dzinogoneka dzaisanganisira kuendesa nzvimbo yeoffset kune imwe chikamu cherwizi.

Sevanhu vemunharaunda vanogara munzvimbo yeoffset, sevaridzi vemabhizinesi uye vanobatika muchibvumirano cheKalagala Offset, tinoshuvira kuve nechekuita mukukurukurirana maererano nechibvumirano cheOffset uye nekupa iro bhanga repasirese nezvatinotenda kuti ruzivo rwakakodzera kuita sarudzo .

Iyo nharo yakasimudzwa neMEMD yekuti chete 'diki chikamu' yenzvimbo yekuchengetedza ichafashirwa saka hachisi chinhu chikuru. Kunze kwekukakavadzana kuri pachena kwekuti iwe unogona kutyora chibvumirano, kana iwe usingaiti, pane zvakare kushaikwa kwakakosha mapoinzi akakosha atingade kukwidza kuWorld Bank kuti itariswe.

– The most important part of the offset area is the river and the river banks, this is obvious, since the offset area was created as a mitigation measure to compensate for the flooding of an upper section of river. To flood the river and its banks and say that that only makes up a small part of the conservation area is overlooking the fact that the river and its banks are the primary thing that makes this area unique!

– If you look at the attachment you will see that the map marks an area in red, the river banks which will ultimately be underwater. This area is labeled ‘area affected by reservoir’, which is noted to be only 8.2% of the K.O.A. A figure that keeps being quoted to us when we mention the K.O.A. and no doubt is a figure that has been used in discussion with the World bank. However, there is a pretty clear oversight here. The river, not just the river bank, should also be part of the ‘area affected by the reservoir’. The islands, flows, rapids and ecosystems that the river is made up of are also effected, they will be lake, not whitewater when the reservoir is complete. So this area is bigger than the area noted, and of greater significance.

– It is also worth noting (anyone who knows this area well will confirm the same) that the primary areas in the K.O.A. that remain as untouched natural habitat are the river itself and the immediate river banks. In most places, once you are over a 100m from the river bank you enter farm land, rather than unique and environmentally sensitive rapids and river banks. So, the ‘8%’ of the offset area that they will be flooding, is a good portion of the most historic, environmentally valuable and important part of the K.O.A.

Kunyangwe isu tisingakwanise kufungidzira iyo World Bank ichibvumidza chirongwa ichi chekubvisa nzvimbo yekuchengetedza kure nenzvimbo iri kuparadzwa, tinoda kusimudzira kuramba kukuru kune iyi pfungwa kana iri kunyatso kuongororwa:

– We believe it to be against the basic fundamental idea of a conservation agreement to simply move the area because someone wants to destroy part of the conservation area.

– Also, it should be noted that no other area can be substituted for a completely unique section of river and rapids. The section that will be inundated by the reservoir is a truly unique section of whitewater that attracts tens of thousands of tourists from around the world per annum, and it is the only of its kind in the world that is accessible year round. The whitewater that is left, will not have the same draw to the country and region, and there are no other rapids to substitute. On completion of the Bujagali Dam river activities moved to a different section of whitewater, the one now protected by the K.O.A., this will not be an option if the largest version of the Isimba Dam goes ahead, as there will be very little whitewater left on this section of the Nile and no other rapids that the operations can move too.

Sevatori vechikamu muKOA, sevanhu vakakurira padyo nerwizi uye neboka revanhu vane ruzivo rwakadzama rwemahombekombe erwizi ayo ari kutaurwa tiri kukumbira kubatanidzwa munhaurirano maererano nekuchinja kupi nokupi kweKOA

Tirikukumbirawo ruzivo rwamungatipe maererano neIsimba HPP uye kupindira kwayo muKOA

Izvo zvinofanirwa zvakare kutaurwa kuti iyi haisi nhamo yevanhu vashoma vane hanya. Vanhu vanopfuura zviuru gumi nezvishanu, kusanganisira veUganda zviuru gumi nezviviri, pamwe nevanhu vanobva munyika dzinopfuura makumi matanhatu nemashanu vakaratidza kushushikana kwavo kuburikidza nechikumbiro pamusoro pekutyorwa kweKOA uye chimiro chikuru cheIsimba Dam, tinofara kukupai makopi eizvi kukumbira kana uchitenda kuchabatsira kuchengetedza nzvimbo yekuchengetedza. Zviuru zvevanhu vane hanya zvechokwadi nezveichi chikamu cherwizi uye nevanhu vemo vanogara chakatenderedza.

Ndatenda nekugadzira iyo KOA uye nezvako zvese kuyedza kusvika parizvino pakubatsira kuchengetedza ino yakanaka nzvimbo. Tinotenda rutsigiro rwako uye chero ruzivo iwe rwaunogona kupa.

Wako akatendeka,
Iyo Save Yekushanya Yekushanya muUganda Chikwata.

Pedzisa quote

Kuve anga ari chikamu chezvekubvunzana kwenguva refu iyo World Bank yakatangira iyo Bujagali magetsi, payakatanga kurongerwa neAES, mutori wenhau uyu achiri kurangarira mamiriro uye kunzwisisa kuti nei chibvumirano cheoffset chakaiswa uye chero shanduko yemoyo neWorld Bank. izvi zvinogona kunge zvichipesana nekutyora chivimbo pakati peBhangi nehukama hwehukama hweUganda. Kutevera kuvhurwa kweBujagali makambani ekumisa rafting akatofamba achienda zasi, nemari yakadzama, mushure mekunge mabhuru makuru eBujagali akazara uye asisina basa rekukwirisa uye kayaking sezvo nyanza nyowani yakabuda kuseri kwedama remadziro.

Kana World Bank ikaenderera mberi nesarudzo yekufambisa saiti yeoffset pasina mubvunzo ingangokonzeresa mirawu mikuru kwete kwete chete kubva kumakambani eUganda asiwo nemasangano epasi rese seInternational River Network. Makore gumi nematatu apfuura vese vaive chikamu chekutaurirana nekukurukurirana izvo zvakaona kuyedza kweAES kwakarambwa kukwira zvisina mwero pamusoro penzvimbo inoitisa ruzivo rwekushanya muUganda nekushandisa zvakashomeka zvakashomeka zvemari yekushanya mukufungidzira kwavo uye fungidziro, izvo zvazviri parizvino yakaratidza kuve yenhema zvachose uye yakaburitswa senge chiutsi cheutsi chakaiswa nevanozvishandira vanopa mazano vaishandiswa neAES panguva iyoyo.

Iwo makambani ekushambadzira muJinja akashandisa pfupiso yemushumo wavakatumira gore rapfuura, vachiratidza kukanganisika uko sarudzo yemadziro emadziro ingakonzera mabhizinesi avo zvinoita kuverenga kunonakidza:

Kutanga quote:

Independent Tourism uye Economic Impact Ongororo yeiyo Isimba Hydropower Chirongwa
Rwizi rweNile, Uganda

Yakagadzirirwa ne: E & D Yekubvunzurudza Services mukubatana neImani Development

December 2013

Pfupiso yeZviwanikwa Zvakakosha

Sechikamu chehurongwa hwekugadzirisa kushomeka kwesimba kwekuwana magetsi kuUganda, Hurumende yeUganda yakagadzira chirongwa cheHydropower Master Chirongwa chekuona zvinokwanisika mapurojekiti emagetsi emagetsi. Imwe yemapurojekiti akaonekwa mu Master Plan chirongwa chakatsanangurwa cheIsimba Hydropower Project. Kunze kweanogona kuita makuru emagetsi eprojekti akacherekedza chirongwa ichi chinogadzira mashoma mashoma emagetsi. Kubudikidza nekushambadzira kwakasiyana kwenhau uye webhusaiti kuvakwa kweIsimba Dam kuri kuratidzirwa kutanga munguva pfupi iri kutevera.

Vashandi vezvekushanya muJinja vakangobvunzwa muchidimbu uye vanotenda kuti zvakazara chirongwa chakarongedzwa hachina kutariswa zvizere, nekudaro, vakakumbira ino yakazvimirira yekushanya uye kuongorora kwehupfumi kuti vape vanoita zvisarudzo rumwe ruzivo rwekufunga.

Ichi chikamu cheRwizi rweNile chakawanikwa chakasarudzika mukuti chinogadzirira kwese hunyanzvi hunyanzvi kubva kune vanotanga kayaker uye rafting vashanyi, kusvika kune vepasirose vepasirose-vepasi rose. Mamiriro ekunze anodziya pamwe chete nenyaya yekuti huwandu hwemvura hunoramba huripo gore rese, zvinoita kuti chikamu ichi cheNire chive nzvimbo chena yemvura uye pamwe isina kuenzana pasirese. Aya mahewu anokwezva mudunhu revashanyi vanosvika 19,000 vemitambo yemvura gore rega rega uye vanopa rubatsiro rwakakura kugadzirwa kwekushanya kweUganda nekugona kukwikwidza senzvimbo yekuenda kunopikisa vavakidzani vemunharaunda, iRwanda neKenya. Imwe yema rapids, iyo Nile Special, inoonekwa seimwe yepamusoro freaking kayaking rapids mupasi rose uye mumaonero eE & D zviri pachena kuti zviwanikwa zvepamusoro zveUganda maererano nemari yemari yekushanyirwa inogadzirwa pasikweya mita. Dai ikakwidziridzwa kumugariro wayo izere Uganda ingangowana mari inofungidzirwa US $ 4.8 mamirioni emadhora mukutsinhana kwekune dzimwe nyika kubva muchikamu ichi chemamirioni zana nemakumi mashanu, pamwe chete nevekunze venhau.

Dziva rakakwirira kwazvo reIsimba Dam rinosiya chete mashanu emvura akasara asi zvichinyanya kukosha nekuda kwechimiro uye chinhambwe pakati pawo, haizosiya Jinja kana Uganda ine ruzivo rwekutengesa rafting. Vashanyi vekayaking vaizorega kufarira Uganda. Iyo yepakati nhanho Isimba Dam imwe nzira icharamba ichisiya rafting chigadzirwa kunyangwe iyo yakadzikira iyo isingaite kuti iwedzere kuwedzera kana kukwezva manhamba uye inozopedzisira yaita kuti huwandu hweva kayaker huderere.

The lowest Isimba Dam alternative will have little real impact or change upon the current rafting and kayaking activities and it may even promote the development of new tourism and water based activities further down the river beyond the current one-day section. In addition only this lowest alternative will not have any impact upon the Kalagala Off-set area and Uganda’s indemnity agreement with the IDA/World Bank.

Isimba Hydropower Project ndeimwe yenzira huru uye diki dzekugadzira magetsi dzinowanikwa kuUganda, zvakadaro danho repamusoro soro riri kukurudzirwa senzira inosarudzwa inotakura njodzi dzakakura dzekushanya, imwe yemamwe matunhu makuru eUganda uye kunobva vekunze. exchange.

Panyaya yekuzadzisa danho rakazara rekuvandudza, E & D inokurudzira kuti chete nzira yepasi peIsimba ndiyo inofanirwa kutariswa pamwe nekuvandudzwa kwezvimwe zvinotsiva zvechizvarwa. Iyi sarudzo, ichiri kuwedzera huwandu hwekugadzira magetsi muUganda, ichadzivirira kurasikirwa kwechuma yakasarudzika iyo parizvino uye ichawedzera mune ramangwana inopa mupiro wakakura kuGDP yeUganda kuburikidza nekushanya.

Pedzisa quote

Izvi zvakare zvinoratidza maitiro evanokurudzira purojekiti uye vanofarira mari vanoshaya mutsika nehunhu hwemasangano epasirese, anozvidavirira kune nyika dzakabudirira, kusava nehanya nevabatanidzi nekupokana nekushora kwavo nekuisa parutivi, kana zvisingaenderane nehurongwa hwavo hwezvinhu. .

Chinyorwa cheUganda pachacho chibvumirano cheoffset chakatariswawo sekuyedzwa kwakaitwa kanoverengeka kuchera chikamu chechina cheMabira Forest, kana mahekita zviuru zvinomwe epakati pesango remvura, kuti ishanduke ive minda yenzimbe, kunyanya kune mumwe wevashambadzi vashoma venyika vanogadzira shuga, vaive nezvimwe zvakawanda zvekushambadzira kuwedzera maekare avo pasi pekurima asi vakaedza kuisa maoko avo pachipo chemahara. Kutevera kuratidzira kwakapararira uye kuratidzira kweropa muKampala, zvisinei, zvirongwa izvi zvakazovharirwa uye tinovimba kuti hazvizombomutswazve. Ikoko, Uganda sezviri pachena yaive mukukanganwa pamusoro pezvibvumirano zvakasainwa muna 7,000 kana kuti zvimwe vachiedza nemaune kutyora chibvumirano, zvikaita kuti vafungire kuti mafungiro akafanana anogona kukunda chirongwa cheIsimba hydro-magetsi uye kukwirira kwedamu .

Vemunharaunda, vematunhu, uye vepasi rose vanochengetedza, zvisinei, vari kutarisa nemaziso ehungwe kuti tsamba nemweya wechibvumirano chakatemerwa chiri kutevedzwa, uye kusvika pakuzara, kuitira kuchengetedza nharaunda, kusiyaniswa kwemupata wepamusoro weNile, zvido zvemunharaunda, uye kufarira kweanoshamisira ushanyi hwehukama.

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