Dzvanya apa kuti uratidze mabhena ako pane ino peji uye ungobhadhara chete kubudirira

African Tourism Bhodhi Kuputsa Kufamba Nhau Nyika | Dunhu Hurumende Nhau nhau Sustainable

Africa kugadzirisa iyo Energy & Food Security Crisis muEurope, US?

UNECA

Kutengesa kukuru kunopa chibvumirano chine-mativi matatu kune iyo G7. Ichi chikamu chekukurumidzira kweUN kubva kuAfrica kuenda kuEurope neUnited States

Vera Songwem Munyori Mukuru we United Nations Economic Commission yeAfrica, inoona mukana weEurope, US, uye Africa 

Mukuburitswa kwenhau, anoramba, kuti matunhu ese matatu ese ari kuzununguka kubva mudambudziko rakareba reRussia/Ukraine. Vanofanirwa kuumba chibvumirano chitsva chine vimbiso yekugovana simba remagetsi, kuchengetedzwa kwechikafu, kugadzira mabasa, uye kukura kwenguva refu kwegirinhi nebudiriro, anodaro Vera Songwe. 

Uku kutengeserana kukuru kunopa chibvumirano chine-mativi matatu kune iyo G7. 

IEU inowana nguva pfupi kusvika pakati-kati kuwana simba, kugadzikana kwekupa, uye kukurumidza kweshanduko pamwe nekutengeserana kutsva uye kwakasimba uye kudyidzana kwe geopolitical. Africa inowana kuwedzera kwekudyara muzvirongwa zvekudya nesimba uye kudyara kune vechidiki vayo vanosvika kanomwe sevechidiki vekuEurope uye avo kutama kunoratidzika kunge kuri kukwezva chete. 

Chekutanga, pane simba, anopfuura 5,000 bcm yezviwanikwa zvegasi zvakawanikwa muAfrica. Izvi zvinogona kuvhara zvinodiwa neEurope nekukurumidza uye kukurumidza kuwana simba reAfrica uye zvishuwo zvekusimudzira maindasitiri. 

Aya masimba akawanikwa anogona kukurumidza kumhanyisa shanduko yeAfrica kubva kuSenegal neMozambique kuenda kuMauritania, Angola, neAlgeria.
kuUganda. 

Pamwe chete nyika idzi dzinogona kupa Europe simba rekuchengetedza simba rainoda panguva imwe chete iyi zvichiita kuti Africa ikurumidze kuchengetedza simba rayo uye kubatsira kusimudza maindasitiri emuAfrica efetereza, simbi, simende, dijitari, hutano, uye kubvisa munyu muAfrica. 

Chakanyanya kukosha kuchengetedzwa kwesimba kungave neinflation uye kubatsira Africa zvakare. 

Cumulative CO2 emissions kubva mukushandiswa kwezviwanikwa zvegasi izvi mumakore makumi matatu anotevera ingangoita matani mabhiriyoni gumi. Sekureva kweIEA, kana hutsi uhwu hwakawedzerwa kuhuwandu hweAfrica nhasi, hungaunza chikamu chayo chehutsi hwepasi rose kuchikamu che30% chehutsi hwepasi rose uku vachibvisa mamirioni kubva muhurombo. 

Uyezve, kukurumidza kudyara mari mugasi, kunobvumira Africa kuti ikurumidze kukurumidza kutendeuka kusimba rinodzokororwa kwenguva refu; inova kuzvipira kwakajeka - kuburikidza neAfrican Green Recovery Strategy. 

Nyika zhinji dzemuAfrica dzave kutotungamira nzira - Kenya neSenegal vatove nepamusoro pe65 % yesimba radzo kubva kunowanikwazve. Mukana wekuenzanisa wenguva refu weAfrica uri musimba rinodzokororwa iro rinogona kupa kuhupfumi hweEU, zvichibva zvaita kuti anonzi makirabhu emamiriro ekunze ave chimwe chinhu chaicho uye chinosanganisirwa. 

Chikamu chechipiri chechibvumirano chiri munzvimbo yekuchengetedzwa kwezvokudya. 

Europe, US, neUK dzinomiririra chikamu che45% chegorosi rinotengwa kunze kwenyika muAfrica rinosvika mabhiriyoni mazana maviri nemakumi matatu emadhora. Africa nhasi ichiri kutenga kunze kwenyika zvinopfuura makumi masere muzana ezviyo zvayo, chibage, mupunga, uye zviyo. Kutarisa patsva pamusoro pekuchengetedzwa kwechikafu muAfrica kunoreva kuti Africa haingochengetedzi chete asi kuti inotarisisa kuwedzera kwekugadzirwa kwemukati menyika. 

Kudyidzana kwekuwedzera kurimwa kwegorosi, chibage, nezvimwe zviyo mukondinendi ibasa rine pundutso. Sezvo isu tichikurukura nezve "near-shoring" kuvaka zvirinani kusimba kwekutengeserana tichishandisa zvirinani zvekurima zveAfrica mukugadzirwa kwechikafu chepasi rose chinhu chinofanira. 

Panyaya iyi, isu tinogona zvakare kutarisa mukusimbaradza kugadzirwa kwefetereza yemuAfrica nekuvaka pane yagara iripo muMorocco, Egypt, Angola, neNigeria zvakare Togo, Senegal, neEthiopia. Kuwedzera kugadzirwa kwefetereza kuchabatsira kuwedzera kushandiswa, kudzikisa mitengo, uye kuwedzera goho. 

Chirongwa chekugadzira fetereza yakawanda mukondinendi chichawedzera kuwanikwa, kuderedza mutengo nekuvandudza goho. Zvekurima zvine chikamu chinopfuura chikamu chimwe muzvishanu chekuburitswa kwegasi regreenhouse, Africa inogona zvakare kutungamira mukuwedzera kutorwa kwebiofetireza sezvazvakaita munzvimbo dzakaita seTanzania nemakambani emuno ari kutungamira. 

Nyika dzemuAfrica dzinofanirwa kuchengetedza kuzvipira kwadzo kushandura zvekurima kuita zvikamu zvebhizinesi zvinogoneka kune vechidiki nevakadzi zvakafanana, kuvandudza hutongi hwechikamu uye kuita kuti chikamu chigadzirise mamiriro ekunze uye kugadzirisa masisitimu edu ezvekudya. 

Imwe nzira yekuenda kune iyi kukunda-kuhwina kukuru ndeyekudyara mukati mehurongwa hweEuropean-Africa Pact iripo. Iyo ichangobva kuziviswa US & G7 Partnership yeGlobal Infrastructure, iyo inovaka pane yegore rapfuura Build Back Better World chirongwa, inogona zvakare kuve iyo G7s inopa uye imba kune yavo chikamu chebvumirano. 

Kuita kuti izvi zvive zvechokwadi, zvine mwero, uye nekuunza shuviro kubva kumabhanga ebudiriro yenyika dzakawanda kuchabatsira chaizvo kuvandudza kudyidzana kwedu sezvatakatarisa kumusangano wezvemamiriro ekunze unogarwa neAfrica muna Mbudzi kuEgypt. 

Asi chekutanga, nyika dzinoda nzvimbo yezvematongerwo enyika uyewo nzvimbo yezvemari kugadzirisa dambudziko renzara riri kuuya. Nyika dzinoda hupfumi kuburikidza nekuburitswa kwekodzero nyowani dzekudhirowa (SDRs). 

Kuburitswa kutsva kweSpecial Drawing Rights (SDRs) kuchabvumira Africa kuenda kubva pamadhora 33.6 bhiriyoni kusvika pamadhora mazana matanhatu nemanomwe emadhora, nekuchimbidza kukweretesa kweSDRs kuchawana kugoverwa kwese kumadhora zana emabhiriyoni. 

Zvinotonyanya kukosha ndezvokuti, kukweretesa kunobvumira kukurumidza kuvhurwa kweIMF's Resilience and Sustainability Trust (RST), iyo kuburikidza nekusimudzira kwayo lens inogona kutsigira chibvumirano, ukuwo kupa mari yePoverty Reduction and Growth Trust ichatsigira imwe mari uye chiyero-chekubhadhara. nzvimbo kune nyika. 

Pamusoro peizvi, kuwedzerwa kweDebt Service Sustainability Initiative uye kana kuwedzerwa kwenguva yekubhadhara kusvika kumakore matatu kunozobatsirawo kugadzira imwe nzvimbo yemari. 

Nekugoverwa kutsva kweInternational Development Assistance, Bhanga reNyika rinogona kukurumidza kutsigira kuwedzera kukweretesa kuchikamu chekurima kuburikidza neGlobal Agriculture uye Chikafu Chekuchengetedza Chirongwa pamwe nekuwedzera zvirongwa zvekuchengetedza magariro. 

Chekupedzisira, kune nyika dzinoda kugadziridzwa zvikwereti, yakawedzera kurongeka uye inosanganisirwa yeG20 kugadzirisa zvikwereti iyo inosanganisira nyika dzine mari yepakati inofanira kutsigirwa. 

Kunyika dzese dzeG7 neAfrica, dambudziko iri harifarirwe zvakanyanya, asi rinopa mukana izvozvi wekutibatsira kugadzirisa nyaya nhatu dzepasi rose dzenguva yedu - dambudziko remamiriro ekunze, kuchengetedzwa kwesimba kune vese, uye kuchengetedzwa kwechikafu. 

Kune vanhu 320 miriyoni vari panjodzi yekutarisana nekushaya chikafu mukupera kwegore.

Nekubata dambudziko iri, iyo G7 muSchloss Elmau kuGermany inogona kuishandura kuita nhoroondo yekukunda-kuhwina kufora kuenda kubudiriro huru.

Nhau Dzakabatana

Nezvomunyori

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz akaramba achishanda muindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya kubva achiri mudiki kuGerman (1977).
Iye akatanga eTurboNews muna 1999 sebhuku rekutanga repamhepo pamhepo yepasirese yekushanya indasitiri yekushanya.

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