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Commonwealth ndiyo 54-Nyika Yakasimba Yekushanya Mukana

CHOGM2022

Jamaica yakapa pfungwa yemubatanidzwa weCommonwealth tourism pamusangano wenhengo makumi mashanu neina muRwanda.

Rwanda ndiyo nyika nyowani mu54-nhengo dzeCommonwealth uye mukuru wemusangano wegore rino. Mutungamiri wenyika yeEast Africa, VaPaul Kagame, vati nyika yavo yave nhengo yemubatanidzwa uyu kuti vabatsirikane nekubatana pamwe nebudiriro.

Vatungamiri venyika makumi mashanu neina vari muBritish Commonwealth vari kusangana muRwanda vachizeya nyaya dzekutengeserana, chikafu, nyaya dzehutano, kushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze, pamwe nekushanya.

Nyika dziri nhengo dzeCommonwealth dziri kusangana kekutanga mumakore mana kuti dzikurukure nzira dzekusimbaradza hukama nekugadzirisa matambudziko epasi rose kubva kuhutano nekunetsana kusvika mukushanduka kwemamiriro ekunze uye kuchengetedzwa kwechikafu.

Vachitaura muguta guru reRwanda reKigali uye vachimirira Mambokadzi Elizabeth, Muchinda Charles weBritain vakati mubatanidzwa wezvematongerwo enyika wakadai uchiri kudiwa kuti ukunde matambudziko ari munyika.

Pakati pevanoremekedzwa vari kuuya ndiMambo weEswatini, Mambo Mswati III, nyika inotambira African Tourism Board.

African Tourism iri kuratidza chiso, ne African Tourism Bhodhi Sachigaro VaCuthbert Ncube vachipinda.

Gurukota rezvekushanyirwa muJamaica, Edmund Bartlett anga akapfeka ngowani yake semutungamiri wepasirese wekufamba uye kushanya. Akapa zano uye pfungwa yeiyo post covid tourism inotungamirwa hurongwa hwekusimudzira kuwirirana kwehupfumi pakati penyika dzeCommonwealth. Commonwealth Tourism kuRwanda Forum.

Vachitaura kumusangano weSustainable Tourism & Travel panguva yeCommonwealth Business Forum Gurukota rezvekushanya kweJamaica Edmund Bartlett akapokana kuti indasitiri yekushanya ine mukana wakakura wekusimudzira kufambirana kwehupfumi pakati pehupfumi hweCommonwealth.

Sangano reCommonwealth Tourism Organisation raishanda makore gumi kusvika gumi nemashanu apfuura uye rakaita nhaurirano muAbuja, Nigeria, uye Kuala Lumpur Malaysia nezve kubatana kwekushanya pakati peCommonwealth Nyika.

Hon. Edmund Bartlett, Min Tourism Jamaica muRwanda

Hechino chinyorwa chemharidzo pane post covid tourism-inotungamirwa chimiro na Minster Bartlett yakaunzwa kuCommonwealth Business Forum muRwanda.

kumashure

Denda ririkuenderera mberi reCCIDID-19 rakaburitsa kukanganisa kwakanyanya kwemagariro nehupfumi munyika makumi mashanu neina dzeCommonwealth inotenderera nematunhu eAfrica, Asia, The Americas, Europe, nePacific.

Iyo Commonwealth ndiyo iri panjodzi yekukatyamadzwa kwehupfumi kwenguva refu nekuti inosanganisira makumi matatu nembiri ematunhu madiki makumi mana nemaviri epasirese, imwe neimwe iine huwandu hwevanhu vanosvika miriyoni imwe nemazana mashanu kana pasi (Commonwealth.Org, 32).

Huzhinji hwehupfumi uhwu hahuna kusiyana uye hunoenderana zvakanyanya nemaindasitiri ekutanga, kutengeserana kunze, mari yekunze yakanangana nekunze, uye kushanya - izvo zvese zvakakanganiswa zvakanyanya nekuderera kwehupfumi hwenyika.

Muna 2021, Bhanga reNyika rakafungidzira kuti Nyika Ddiki dzakaita chibvumirano ne7.1 muzana zvichienzaniswa ne1.7 muzana yemisika yese iri kusimukira uye hupfumi huri kusimukira (The World Bank, 2021). Matunhu madiki anotarisanawo nematambudziko ebudiriro ane chekuita nenheyo dzadzo dzakatetepa, misika midiki yemumba, kuremerwa kwenzvimbo, uye kusagadzikana kwenjodzi dzezvakatipoteredza (The World Bank, 2021).

Kudzikira kwenguva refu kwehupfumi hwepasi rose kwakakonzerwa nedenda reCCIDID-19, zvisinei, kwakapa mukana wekuti nyika diki dzakaomesesa dzeCommonwealth dzigadzirise hukama hwadzo hwehupfumi pakati penyika dzakakura dzeCommonwealth.

Kudzokorora hukama hwehupfumi pakati peCommonwealth Nyika

Nhoroondo, nhanho dzekutengeserana pakati penyika dzeCommonwealth dzakaramba dzakaderera. Nepo Commonwealth ichidada nenyika dziri kukurumidza kukurumidza pasi rose, nekukura kwemakumi maviri emakore adarika zvakapetwa kaviri kuEuropean Union, kutengeserana kwemukati meCommonwealth kunosvika 17% chete yekutengeserana kwenhengo dzeCommonwealth nekutengeserana kwesevhisi kunakidzwa nechikamu chidiki, inofungidzirwa pachikamu chimwe chete muzvina zvekutengeserana kwemukati meCommonwealth (Commonwealth. Org, 2017).

Nyika zhinji dzeCommonwealth dziri kuendesa kunze kunyanya kunyika dziri mukati menzvimbo dzadzo dzenzvimbo uye dzine hupfumi hukuru hwakaita seChina, United States, The UK, The Eurozone, India, Australia, neNew Zealand.

Tichifunga nezvechirevo ichi, chimwe chikamu chekusimudzira kusimudzira hupfumi hweCommonwealth chinogona kunge chiri mukukurudzira kuchinjika kukuru kwehupfumi pakati peNyika dzeCommonwealth.

Zvirokwazvo, Commonwealth pamwe chete inoumba musika wakakura we2.6 bhiriyoni kubva pahuwandu hwepasirese 7.9 bhiriyoni iyo inogona kushandiswa kusimudzira kwakasimba uye kwakasimba kwekukura kwehupfumi, kunyanya munharaunda yekutengeserana kunze.

Tourism senzira yekusimudzira kuchinjika kwehupfumi pakati peCommonwealth Nyika

Imwe indasitiri inobata yakakosha mukana wekusimudzira kusangana kwehupfumi pakati peCommonwealth hupfumi ndeye Tourism.

Muna 2019, kushanya kwaive chikamu chechitatu pakukura kunze kwehupfumi hwepasirese, mushure memafuta nemakemikari, zvichiverengera 7% yekutengeserana kwepasirese (UNWTO, 2019).

Panyika makumi maviri pasirese uko kushanya ndiko kwakanyanya kupa mupiro kune kunze kwenyika, gumi nenhatu inhengo dzeCommonwealth (Commonwealth Innovation, 2020).

Parizvino, Tourism ndiyo nzira yehupenyu yehupfumi hweCommonwealth huri munzvimbo dzinonyanya kutsamira kushanya pasi rose seCaribbean, The Pacific, Mediterranean, uye Indian Ocean.

Nehurombo, misika mikuru yevanosvika vashanyi pamwe neyekupa zvekushandisa, senge zvinhu nemasevhisi, kuindasitiri yekushanya muCommonwealth ndiwo hupfumi hwakasimukira hweNorth America, East Asia (kunyanya China), uye Western Europe.

Nekuda kweizvozvo, kukurumidza kunoshamisa kwekukura nekuwedzera kwekushanya mumakore apfuura kwakaunza mabhenefiti asina kukwana kuhupfumi hweCommonwealth, nechikonzero chikuru, kune yakaderera mwero wekutengeserana kwekushanya pakati penyika idzi izvo zvatadzisa nyika idzi kuchengetedza yakawanda yemari inowanikwa kubva industry

Matanho ekusimudzira kuchinjika kwehupfumi pakati peCommonwealth Nyika kuburikidza neKushanya

Kuumbwa kwepost-Covid-19 kudzoreredza hupfumi uye nzira dzekukura kwenyika dzeCommonwealth kunoda kuti nyika idzi dzikurumidze kufunga zvakare marongero aripo ekudyidzana kwehupfumi nechinangwa chekugadzirisazve miganhu yekutengeserana nedzimwe nyika mukuda kwavo.

Izvi zvinoda kudyidzana kwakawanda, kudyidzana, uye kudyidzana kunosimudzira kuwirirana kwehupfumi uye kusangana pakati pehupfumi hweCommonwealth.

Izvi zvichabatsira mukutsinhana kwakawedzerwa kwehupfumi pakati penyika diki uye nenyika hombe dzeCommonwealth izvo zvinosimudzira kugona kwemukati medunhu kuunza zvakasara zvehupfumi uye kuchengetedza mamwe mabhenefiti anobva mubudiriro yehupfumi.

Indasitiri yekushanya inogona kuve inokonzeresa kusimudzira hupfumi uye convergences kuburikidza neanotevera mazano:

Kusimudzirwa kwekufamba kwevashandi mukati meCommonwealth:

Iyo Commonwealth imusha kune dzimwe dzepasirese dzinonakidza nzvimbo dzekushanya dzinokwezva huwandu hwakanyanya hwekudyara kwekunze kwekunze uye yakagadzirira kuenderera mberi nekukura.

Tourism zvakare inoitika kuve imwe yezvikamu zvakanyanya-kushanda zvakanyanya zvehupfumi hwenyika.

Ose ari maviri anogona kushandiswa kukurudzira kuwedzera kwekufamba kwevashandi muCommonwealth, kunyanya, sezvo denda rakaburitsa dambudziko rekushomeka kwevashandi kunzvimbo zhinji uye panodiwawo vashandi vane hunyanzvi hwepamusoro muchikamu chekushanya, (mahotera, zvinokwezva. , rwendo rwechikepe, nezvimwewo).

Izvi zvinoda hurongwa hutsva huchafambisa kufamba kusina musono kwevashandi vekushanya vane hunyanzvi mudunhu rese reCommonwealth nedunhu.

Kuwedzera kutengeserana kwezvinhu uye masevhisi:

Chinangwa ndechekufambisa hurongwa hwekutengeserana huchagonesa zvimwe zvezvinhu nemasevhisi anogara achishandiswa muindasitiri yekushanya kuti agadzirwe nekupihwa nemasangano anogara mune dzimwe nyika dzeCommonwealth. Izvi zvichakurudzira kupinda mumatunhu makuru mukushanya uye kusimbisa mabhenefiti kuhupfumi hwemuno hunobva mukushanya.

Kuvandudzwa kweane hukasha ekushambadzira mazano ekupinda mumisika mikuru yeCommonwealth:

Parizvino, vashanyi vanosvika kuCommonwealth Nyika vanovimba nemisika yechinyakare sosi seNorth America, Western Europe, uye ikozvino East Asia (kunyanya China, Japan, South Korea, uye Taiwan).

Zvakangodaro, sezvo nyika dzeCommonwealth dzichizvimiririra kuti dziite kushomeka uye kukura migove yemusika, kutsvaga nzira dzekupinda mumisika inobhadhara uye iri kusimukira yekushanya yedzimwe nyika dzeCommonwealth, kunyanya idzo dziri muAsia, dzinofanirwa kukurumidza kuita chikamu chekutarisa kwavo.

India, kunyanya, ine vanhu vanosvika bhiriyoni imwe nemazana matatu ane mashanu uye ndiyo iri kukura nekukurumidza paupfumi hwenyika, uye parizvino iri pachishanu pakukura kwehupfumi hwenyika.

Kuwedzera kwemari inoraswa uye kutorwa kwehupfumi hwemunhu muIndia kunopa mukana wakakosha wehukama hukuru hwekushanya kuti uumbwe pakati pehupfumi hudiki hweCommonwealth neIndia.

Kuvandudza Unyanzvi, dzidzo, uye kudzidziswa:

Mumamiriro ezvinhu ekukura kwehupfumi hunoenderana neruzivo, kupa ruzivo kwakava mutyairi mukuru wekukura kwehupfumi.

Sezvo kukura kweindasitiri yekushanya kuri kuramba kuchikwira, kuchave nekuwedzera kuri kuda kwechirongwa nekuvandudzwa kwekharikhulamu kugadzirira vashandi vemabasa anozogadzirwa muindasitiri yekushanya uye izvo zvichabatsira kusimudza zviyero uye mukurumbira wemabasa ekushanya. .

Izvi zvinopa mukana kumayunivhesiti ematunhu nedzimwe nzvimbo dzakatenderwa uye masangano akavakirwa muCommonwealth Nyika kuti ape kudzidziswa kwakarongeka uye chitupa chakanangana nevagari vedzimwe Nyika dzeCommonwealth vanofarira budiriro yehunyanzvi sevashandi vekushanya.

Multi-kuenda kurongwa:

Iyo nzira yekuenda kwakawanda ndeimwe yenhaka nhatu dzakabuda kubva kuUnited Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) muna 2017.

Kurongeka kwenzvimbo dzakasiyana-siyana kwakavakirwa pakudyidzana kwakabatana kunosanganisira hurumende dzendege, mahotera, vafambisi vevashanyi, uye zvinokwezva izvo zvinogonesa vashanyi kufamba zvisina mutsetse kuenda kunyika mbiri, nhatu, kana kupfuura dzine nharaunda uye kugara munzvimbo yega yega.

Kurudziro yaro inofambirana nemaonero ari kusimukira enyanzvi dzezvekushanyirwa kwenyika ekuti rombo rakanaka rekushanya munzvimbo dzakasiyana siyana rinogona kunge riri mukusangana kwehupfumi pakati penyika dzinodyidzana kwete nzira dzekuzvimiririra.

Izvi zvinoumbawo nzira ine musoro yekubatana kwehupfumi iyo inozobvumira zvakanakira kushanya kuti zviparadzirwe kune hupfumi hwakawanda mudunhu, zvichiunza mikana yakawanda yehupfumi kune vanhu vakawanda.

Chokwadi, hurongwa hwakabudirira hwekuenda kwakawanda hunogona kuwedzera mafambiro evashanyi uye kusimudzira mabhenefiti kune dzimwe nzvimbo mudunhu.

Basa reGlobal Tourism Resilience uye Crisis Management Center (GTRCMC)

Global Tourism Resilience Center yakavambwa paUniversity yeWest Indies Mona Campus muKingston, Jamaica muna 2018 setangi rekufunga pasi rose rinotarisa zvakanyanya pakuvaka kusimba, kugadzirira njodzi, uye kugadzirisa zvinokanganisa indasitiri yekushanya, kunyanya muGlobal South. .

Iyo Center yakadanwa kuti ishande munzvimbo yepasirese iyo inoratidzirwa kwete kwete chete matambudziko matsva asiwo mikana mitsva yekushanya yekuvandudza chigadzirwa chekushanya pamwe nekuona kuchengetedzwa kwekushanya pasi rose.

Iyo GTRCMC yakamira yakagadzirira kutungamira hurongwa hweramangwana rekuita neMunyori weCommonwealth kudzamisa kuwirirana kwehupfumi uye kuchinjika pakati penyika dzeCommonwealth kuti ive nechokwadi chekuti kusimudzira kwekushanya kunoshandira kufarira kwenguva refu kwematunhu eCommonwealth uye madiki.

Tyedu muCommonwealth

Tourism iri pakati pehupfumi hwakawanda muCommonwealth uye indasitiri inokura mune mazhinji. Inopa 2.7% kune yakazara GDP yeCommonwealth, avhareji 6.7% yeGDP yenyika, uye inoshandisa 34 miriyoni vanhu vese. Izvo hupfumi, huwandu hwevanhu, kana nyika hudiki, zvakacherechedzwa, ndiko kuwedzera kukosha kwechikamu kuhupfumi. Mipiro yepamusoro-soro yechikamu semuenzaniso iri muMaldives (28% yeGDP), Seychelles (24%), Vanuatu (20%), uye Antigua neBarbuda (17.4%) - zvese zvitsuwa zvidiki zviri kusimukira.

In Commonwealth Europe nhaka uye tsika idzo huru kune vashanyi; nyika dzakapfuma zvakare uye dzinogona kuendesa zvakanyanya kushanya kwepamusoro. Cyprus yakabudirira zvakare mukukwevera vashanyi kubva kumarudzi ese emisika kubva kuUK kuenda kumahombekombe ayo mumwedzi yezhizha.

Cuthbert Ncube, Sachigaro weAfrican Tourism Board (kuruboshwe)

Tourism iri, zvakananga uye zvisina kunanga, pakati pehupfumi hwe Caribbean; hupfumi hudiki hunotsamira pazviri zvakanyanya. Geography uye mamiriro ekunze ndizvo zvinokwezva zvikuru. Iyo Caribbean imusika mukuru wekushanya wepamusoro-soro uye ine musika wechipiri wepamba uri kukura.

In Commonwealth Asia, Malaysia neMaldives dzave dziri nyika dzakabudirira zvakanyanya. Malaysia ndiyo yechipiri inonyanya kufarirwa nzvimbo muCommonwealth mushure meUK ine vanhu 24 miriyoni vakashanyira nyika muna 2009, kunyanya kubva kuAsia.

Kunze kweFiji, Nyika dziri nhengo dzechitsuwa chePacific nekukwezva kwavo kwechisikigo kwakashata kwakave nekubudirira kushoma mukushanya nekuda kwekuva kure uye kushomeka kwezvivakwa, kunyangwe zvingave, sekutaura kwenyanzvi, zvichiripo. Vazhinji vevasvika vanobva kuAustralia neNew Zealand. Nyanzvi dzinopokana kuti zvisinei nekure kure zvitsuwa zveCommonwealth Pacific zvinogona kuita zvirinani zvichipihwa budiriro yekushanya kwakawanda kunoonekwa munzvimbo dzezvitsuwa zvePacific zveUSA neFrance seHawaii neFrench Polynesia, zvichiteerana.

Australia neNew Zealand kukwezva marudzi ese evashanyi kubva kune vebhizinesi kune mabhegi. Tourism Australia, bhodhi rekushanya rinopihwa mari nenyika, rinonyanya kutarisisa kushambadzira kwayo muWestern Europe neNorth America kune anotsvaga ruzivo.

In Commonwealth Africa, mhuka dzesango, mamiriro okunze, uye geography zvinhu zvikuru zvinokwezva. Mumhuka dzesango umo Commonwealth Africa ine mukurumbira pasi rose nenzvimbo dzayo dzakakura uye dzakakurumbira dzakadai seSerengeti (Tanzania), Kruger (South Africa), Masai Mara (Kenya), uye Chobe (Botswana). Chokwadi, ndiwo mapaki epasirese muCommonwealth chikamu cheAfrica anonyanya kuratidza mune akawanda ekufambisa magwara. Dzimwe nyika dzakaita seMauritius, South Africa, neSeychelles inzvimbo dzepamusoro-soro dzekushanya.

Kanadha inzvimbo huru yevashanyi. Madingindira etsika mumaguta ayo mana makuru Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, uye Ottawa ndiwo makuru anokwezva vashanyi. Canada ine mukurumbira pasi rose nekuda kwemhando uye dzakasiyana dzenzvimbo dzayo dzekutandarira izvo pasina imwe nyika yeCommonwealth inogona kuenderana.

Iyezvino Commonwealth Nyika

AFRIKA:

Asia

Caribbean uye Americas

Europe

Pacific

Nezvomunyori

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz akaramba achishanda muindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya kubva achiri mudiki kuGerman (1977).
Iye akatanga eTurboNews muna 1999 sebhuku rekutanga repamhepo pamhepo yepasirese yekushanya indasitiri yekushanya.

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