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Kupisa kweSolar Kunogona Kukonzera Madutu Eguruva paMars

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 Chikwata chemasayendisiti, kusanganisira Dr. Germán Martínez kubva kuUniversities Space Research Association, ichangobva kuburitsa chidzidzo mu Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Ichi chidzidzo chinoratidza kuti kune mwaka wesimba kusaenzana kwehuwandu hwesimba rezuva rinotorwa nekuburitswa neMars rinova rinogona kukonzera dutu remhepo uye rinogona kuita basa rakakosha mukunzwisisa mamiriro ekunze nemhepo yepasi dzvuku. 

Iyo inopenya simba bhajeti (izwi rinoreva kuyerwa kwesimba rezuva iro nyika inotora kubva kuzuva yobva yaburitsa sekupisa) yepasi ndiyo yakakosha metric. Zvichienderana nezvakaonekwa mumabasa akawanda, boka remasayendisiti rakapa mufananidzo wepasi rose wemamiriro ekunze eMars. Zviyero kubva kuNASA's Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Science Laboratory's Curiosity rover, uye InSight mishoni dzinoratidza kusiyana kwakasimba kwemwaka uye diurnal kwesimba rinobuda kuMars.  

"Chimwe chezvinonyanya kufadza zvakawanikwa ndechekuti simba rakawandisa - rakawanda simba riri kutorwa pane rinogadzirwa - rinogona kunge riri imwe yenzira dzekugadzira madutu eguruva paMars," anodaro Ellen Creecy, munyori anotungamirira wekudzidza.1 uye mudzidzi wechiremba kubva kuYunivhesiti yeHouston, Texas.

"Zvatinowana zvinoratidza kusaenzana kwesimba kwakasimba zvinoratidza kuti nhamba dzemazuva ano dzinofanira kudzokororwa, sezvo idzi dzinowanzofunga kuti simba rinopenya reMars rakaenzana pakati pemwaka yeMars," akadaro Dr. Germán Martínez, USRA Staff Scientist kuLunar and Planetary Institute (LPI). ) uye munyori pamwe naye webepa. "Uyezve, mhedzisiro yedu inosimbisa hukama pakati pedutu reguruva uye kusaenzana kwesimba, uye nekudaro zvinogona kupa ruzivo rutsva mukugadzirwa kwemadutu eguruva paMars."

Muchidzidzo ichi, chikwata chemasayendisiti chakashandisa zvakaonekwa kubva kumaratian satellite, landers, uye rovers kufungidzira simba rinobudiswa neMars pasi rose sekushanda kwemwaka, kusanganisira nguva dzine dutu repasi rose. Vakaona kuti kune simba rakasimba kusaenzana kwe ~ 15.3 % pakati pemwaka yeMars, iyo yakakura kudarika yePasi (0.4%) kana Titan (2.9%). Vakaona zvakare kuti mukati megore ra2001 rakatenderedza guruva remhepo paMars, avhareji yesimba rinoburitswa pasi rose yakadzikira ne22% masikati asi yakawedzera ne29% panguva yehusiku.

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Mhedzisiro yechidzidzo ichi, pamwe chete nemhando dzenhamba, ine mukana wekuvandudza manzwisisiro azvino emamiriro ekunze eMartian uye kutenderera kwemuchadenga, izvo zvakakosha kune remangwana rekuongorora kwevanhu kuMars uye zvimwe zvinogona kufanotaura mamiriro ekunze eNyika pachayo. 

Nhau Dzakabatana

Nezvomunyori

Dmytro Makarov

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