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Mushumo mutsva weWorld Tourism Barometer kubva kune Imwe Nyika?

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World Tourism Sangano

Mushure mehafu yekutanga isina kusimba ya2021, kushanya kwenyika dzakawanda kwakawedzera zvakare mumwaka wechirimo weNorth Hemisphere, zvichiwedzera mhedzisiro muchikamu chechitatu chegore, kunyanya muEurope. 

With the UNWTO General Assembly inoitika svondo rino muMadrid, sangano rakangopa nguva yaro UNWTO World Tourism Barometer nemusi weMuvhuro.

ichi UNWTO Barometer yakagadzirwa nevese manejimendi eWorld Tourism Organisation kubvira 2003 uye inosanganisira tsvakiridzo pamusoro pemamiriro epasirese ekufambisa uye kushanya chikamu.

Nekuvandudzwa kutsva kuri kusimukira paiyo COVID Omicron strain, neSouthern Africa ichiparadzaniswa nedzimwe nyika, uye UNWTO General Assembly ikozvino yakavharwa kune vamwe, asi ichiri kuenderera mberi nekupesana kwese, chirevo ichi chinoita sechinobva kune imwe nyika.

Kudzokera muQ3 asi Kudzoreredza Kunoramba Kwakashata

Zvinoenderana neshanduro itsva ye UNWTO World Tourism
Barometer,
 vashanyi vepasirese vanosvika (vakashanyira husiku) vakawedzera ne58% muna Chikunguru-Gunyana zvichienzaniswa nenguva yakafanana ye2020. Zvisinei, vakaramba vari 64% pazasi 2019 mazinga. Europe yakanyora kuita kwakanakisa kwehama mukota yechitatu, nevakasvika kune dzimwe nyika 53% pasi panguva imwechete yemwedzi mitatu ye2019. Muna Nyamavhuvhu naGunyana vasvika vaive pa -63% zvichienzaniswa ne2019, iwo akanakisa mhedzisiro pamwedzi kubva pakatanga denda.

Pakati paJanuary naSeptember, vashanyi vepasirese vepasirese vanosvika vakamira pa -20% zvichienzaniswa ne2020, kuvandudzwa kwakajeka pamusoro pemwedzi mitanhatu yekutanga yegore (-54%). Zvakangodaro, vanosvika vese vachiri 76% pazasi pre-denda mazinga ane kusaenzana kuita pakati pematunhu epasirese. Mune mamwe matunhu madiki - Maodzanyemba neMediterranean Europe, Caribbean, North neCentral America - vanosvika vakakwira chaizvo pamusoro pemazinga 2020 mumwedzi mipfumbamwe yekutanga ya2021. Zvimwe zvitsuwa muCaribbean neSouth Asia, pamwe nenzvimbo shoma shoma muSouthern Mediterranean Europe yakaona kuita kwavo kwakanyanya muQ3 2021 zvichienderana nedata riripo, nevanosvika vachiuya pedyo, kana dzimwe nguva vachipfuura pre-denda mazinga.

UNWTO Secretary-General Zurab Pololikashvili akati: "Data yekota yechitatu ya2021 inokurudzira. Nekudaro, vanosvika vachiri 76% pazasi pre-denda uye mhedzisiro munzvimbo dzakasiyana dzepasirese dzinoramba dzisina kufanana. " Tichifunga nezvenyaya dziri kuramba dzichikwira uye nekubuda kwezvinhu zvitsva zvakasiyana, akawedzera kuti "hatigone kuregedza uye tinofanirwa kuenderera mberi nekuedza kwedu kuti tive nekuwana kwakaenzana kuwana majekiseni, kuronga nzira dzekufamba, kushandisa zvitupa zvekudzivirira kwedhijitari kufambisa uye kufamba. ramba uchitsigira chikamu ichi. " 

Kukwidziridzwa kwekuda kwaifambiswa nekuwedzera kuvimba kwevafambi pakati pekufambira mberi nekukurumidza kwekudzivirira uye kurerutswa kwezvirambidzo zvekupinda munzvimbo dzakawanda. MuEurope, the EU Digital Covid Chitupa yakabatsira kufambisa kufamba kwakasununguka mukati meEuropean Union, kuburitsa kudiwa kukuru-mushure memwedzi yakawanda yekufamba kwakarambidzwa. Vakasvika vaingove 8% pazasi penguva yakafanana ye2020 vachiri 69% pazasi 2019. Americas yakarekodha zvakasimba zvakapinda muna Ndira-Gunyana, nevanosvika 1% zvichienzaniswa ne2020 asi vachiri 65% pazasi 2019 mazinga. MaCaribbean akarekodha mibairo yakasimba kwazvo nenharaunda inosvika makumi mashanu neshanu muzana zvichienzaniswa nenguva imwe chete muna 55, kunyange zvakadaro 2020% pazasi 38.
 

Kunonoka uye kusaenzana kwekukurumidza kupora 

Pasinei nekuvandudzwa kwakaonekwa muchikamu chechitatu chegore, the nhanho yekupora inoramba isina kuenzana kumativi ose enyika. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nemadhigirii akasiyana ezvirambidzo zvekufamba, mitengo yekudzivirira uye chivimbo chemufambi. Ipo Europe (-53%) neAmerica (-60%) yakanakidzwa nekuvandudzwa mukati mechikamu chechitatu cha2021, vasvika muAsia nePacific vaive pasi ne95% zvichienzaniswa ne2019 sezvo kwakawanda kwaienda kwakaramba kwakavharwa kusakosha kwekufamba. Africa neMiddle East dzakarekodha 74% uye 81% inodonha zvakateerana mukota yechitatu ya2021 zvichienzaniswa ne2019. Pakati penzvimbo dzakakura, Croatia (-19%), Mexico (-20%) neTurkey (-35%) yakatumirwa. mibairo yakanaka munaChikunguru-Gunyana 2021, maererano neruzivo rwuripo parizvino.

Kuvandudza zvishoma nezvishoma mumarisiti uye mari inoshandiswa

Dhata pamarisiti ekushanya epasi rose anoratidza kuvandudzwa kwakafanana muQ3 ya2021. Mexico yakanyora mihoro yakafanana neya2019, nepo Turkey (-20%), France (-27%), neGermany (-37%) yakatumira kuderera kudiki kubva. kutanga kwegore. Mukufamba kwekunze, mhedzisiro yaivewo zviri nani, neFrance neGermany vachishuma -28% uye -33% zvakateerana mumashandisirwo ekunze ekushanya mukati mechikamu chechitatu.

Tarisa mberi 

Zvisinei nekuvandudzwa kwazvino, huwandu hwekudzivirira husina kuenzana pasirese uye mitsva yeCovid-19 inogona kukanganisa kupora kwatove kunonoka uye kusasimba. Kunetsa kwehupfumi kwakakonzerwa nedenda kunogona zvakare kuremedza kudiwa kwekufamba, zvichiwedzerwa nekukwira kwazvino kwemitengo yemafuta uye kukanganisa kwemacheni ekutakura.

Maererano nevekupedzisira UNWTO data, vashanyi vekunze vanosvika vanotarisirwa kuramba vari 70% kusvika 75% pazasi 2019 mwero muna 2021, kuderera kwakafanana nemuna 2020. Hupfumi hwekushanyirwa hucharamba huchikanganiswa zvakanyanya. Kushanyirwa kwakananga kwechigadzirwa chepamba kunogona kurasikirwa neimwe US$ 2 trillion, sezvakaita 2020, nepo zvinotengeswa kunze kwenyika zvichinzi zvichagara paUS $ 700-800 miriyoni, zvakanyanya pasi peUS $ 1.7 trillion yakanyoreswa muna 2019.

Kutangisazve kwakachengeteka kwekushanya kwepasirese kucharamba kuchienderana nemhinduro yakarongeka pakati penyika maererano nezvirambidzo zvekufamba, kuchengetedzwa kwakabatana, uye hutsanana protocol, uye kutaurirana kwakanaka kubatsira kudzoreredza kuvimba kwevatengi, kunyanya panguva iyo nyaya dziri kuwedzera mune mamwe matunhu. .

Source: UNWTO

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Nezvomunyori

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz akaramba achishanda muindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya kubva achiri mudiki kuGerman (1977).
Iye akatanga eTurboNews muna 1999 sebhuku rekutanga repamhepo pamhepo yepasirese yekushanya indasitiri yekushanya.

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