Kushambadzira Mahara


10 dzazvino zvinyorwa kushambadzira mahara.

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  • Alitalia Vashandi vari Kushandira Mahara
    1. Iyo thenda inogona kupedza mavhiki akati wandei, nekuti zvekutanga zvinosunga zvinopihwa zvinofanirwa kuendeswa naGumiguru 4 na2 pm, pamutengo wakaderera wemakumi maviri nemakumi mana emamiriyoni euros (pamwe neVAT).
    2. Asi hapana anotakura anoita kunge anofarira kutenga iyo brand panguva ino.
    3. "Kukoshesa hakuiti," akadaro Alfredo Altavilla, Mutungamiri weITA, iyo nendege nyowani, ingangove iri kambani inonyanya kufarira mhando yekambani yekare.

    Base Base 290 Mamirioni

    Kuti upe chipo panguva ino, zvinoda kubhadharwa pasi kwemakumi mana emamiriyoni euros. Vanhu chete vane rezinesi rekutakura nendege kana AOC (Air Operator Chitupa) uye mambure akakosha anosvika mazana maviri emamirioni ndivo vanogona kujoina kusunga.

    Kana pasina zvinopihwa zvakaenzana nemutengo wepasi, makomishina anovhura yechipiri kutenderera yezvisungo zvinopihwa.

    Iko kudaidzwa kwetender, kunonzi "kukoka," kunopa chikamu chechipiri kana pasina zvinopihwa zvakakodzera muchikamu chekutanga. Panyaya iyi, makomishina "achaita chikamu chechipiri chemubairo pamwe nechikumbiro kune vese vanobvumidzwa kupa zvipo zvinosunga zvakare mukuderedza maererano nemutengo wakapihwa."

    Izvo hazvina kutaurwa kuti mutengo wepasi padanho repiri unenge uri chii. Iyo mhando ine kukosha kwebhuku kwemamiriyoni zana nemakumi mashanu mumatauriro emari eAlitalia. Naizvozvo hazvigoneki kuti ichawira pasi peichi chimiro.

    Yetatu Round: Discretionary Sarudzo yeMakomishina

    Kana mune yekutanga senge muchikamu chechipiri pakanga paine zvipo zvakawanda, zvaizotevera kuenda kunokwidziridzwa, kutanga kubva pane yakapihwa zvakanakisa, yemari "isingasvike pasi pemamirioni gumi emadhora." Kana iyo yechipiri kutenderera isingagutsikane, maitiro acho anozoshandurwa. "Iwo makomishinari anoshamisa anozoenderera mberi nekutengesa kwechiratidzo pasina zvipingamupinyi zvechiitiko kune mushandi wezvehupfumi wavakaona," akadaro chiziviso.

    Kune yechitatu kutenderera, kwaizove, nekudaro, kuve nekufunga kwevatungamiriri. Muchikamu chino, ITA inogona kupinda, inovavarira kutenga iyo mhando asi isina kupera simba.

    "Chiratidzo ichi chichaitwa kuti chiwanikwe kune anenge abudirira kupa bhizimusi panosvika Zvita 31, 2021," anodaro kokero yakaburitswa nemakomishina.

    Kutaurirana kweVakomishina

    Kune gumi nemazana mashanu evashandi veAlitalia, saka pane, nekudaro, kumirira kwenguva refu kuti vawane chiyero chemubhadharo wavo waGunyana. Uye hazvivimbiswe kuti pakupedzisira mune mari. Mune kutaurirana kwemukati, makomishina Gabriele Fava, Giuseppe Leogrande, naDaniele Santosuosso vakanyorera vashandi:

    "Sekuziva kwako, zviitiko zvedu zvakaiswa mubazi rezvekubhururuka zvinotarisirwa kupera muna Gumiguru, uye, nekudaro, tinomanikidzwa kubata mari yekambani nguva dzose nechinangwa ichi, tichifunga kuti kuvharwa kwekutengesa musi waAugust 14 kwakaburitsa kumira kwakanyanya mumitero.

    “Tine hurombo zvikuru kukuzivisai kuti iyo mihoro yemwedzi uno ichagadziriswa pa50% ine kukosha nemusi weMuvhuro, Gunyana 27, nepo chikamu che50% chasara muchapihwa kwamuri patinenge tave nehumbowo hwemhedzisiro yechiziviso chechiratidzo, sezvinodiwa neEuropean Commission. ”

    Muchokwadi, mutemo unopa kuti mari inotorwa kubva mukutengeswa kwemidziyo inoshandiswa sechinhu chakakosha kutsigira zvazvino mitengo, kunyanya mihoro.

    Integration to the Shifts is Delayed

    This was a communication that was anything but reassuring. Among other things, salaries are very low, even only 100 euros, because about 7,000 employees are in rotating shifts, due to the reduced number of flights. The workers report that the payment of the integration to the shifts (which covers 80% of their actual salary received before COVID) by the Air Transport Support Fund is late. The last payment made dates back to the July competences. On the other hand, the shifts base, which is about a thousand euros gross per month for those who are in cash for the whole month, is paid by the INPS, without delay according to the workers’ reports.

    ITA Wages Fall Short of the Norm

    The salary proposed by ITA (Italia Trasporti Aereo) becomes the new front of battle between the unions and the top management of the company which intends to take the place of Alitalia in mid-October. But the battle over pay is a war of figures where each party offers – depending on convenience – the worst or most “sweetened” scenario. An analysis by Corriere della Sera on the payrolls of the pilots of eleven European airlines before and after the arrival of the coronavirus shows how the truth lies somewhere in between, with a new company that plans to pay commanders initially with figures 14% lower than the industry average.

    Two Versions of the New Brand Value

    To ignite the debate is a launch by the AdnKronos agency with the numbers provided by the unions on the salaries of the new company. Those estimates – taken from various Italian newspapers – denounced that ITA’s salaries were 55% lower than those of Alitalia, 45% lower than those of Ryanair, and even 58% lower than those of Air France. Not true according to the leaders of ITA – the President, Alfredo Altavilla, and the CEO, Fabio Lazzerini, – explained in front of the parliamentary committees that “the salaries of ITA employees are absolutely aligned” and “in some cases even higher than those of other traditional carriers such as Lufthansa, Air France-KLM, and Iberia.”

    Different Voices

    According to the experts consulted by the Courier, making comparisons between the salaries of the pilots is very difficult. Not only because salaries vary according to length of service, the role (commander, first officer), the routes taken (domestic, international, intercontinental flights), but also because each carrier provides for different items in the paycheck that are added to the fixed and variable part strictly related to the flight hours, such as bonuses, food and accommodation, performance bonuses, private insurance, severance pay, and any other benefits, not to mention the role on the one hand of the cost of living in the workplace (Amsterdam is more expensive than Rome) and the exchange rate of currencies.

    Anti-COVID Agreements

    In the last year and a half, internal agreements have intervened with salary cuts that vary. The Portuguese company TAP, for example, has decided on reductions of 50% in 2021, 45% in 2022, 40% in 2023, and 35% in 2024. Other reductions, however, are almost automatic: COVID and its restrictions have affected the variable component of pilots who flew less. That is why, given the complexity, the Courier has decided to make a comparison only on the pay slips of the commanders before and after COVID, mitigating the impact of the various salary items as much as possible, taking into account the company agreements to overcome the pandemic. The numbers were then evaluated with financial records, employees, human resources managers in carriers, and specialized databases.

    Alitalia Versus Other Low-cost Airlines

    What do the numbers say, even if they are not definitive? That the monthly salary of an ITA commander (about 8,600 euros gross, adding the base and variable) would be 31% lower on average than one of Alitalia (about 12,500 euros) before the arrival of the coronavirus. The paycheck of ITA then, would be not far from the salaries of Wizz Air and TAP after COVID. The Portuguese company, among other things, is always taken as an element of comparison with ITA for the size of the company and its network of connections. Comparing the salary of ITA with the average of the eleven carriers analyzed (about 10 thousand euros) – again post pandemic and gross per month – this is 14% lower. On the other hand, that of an Alitalia commander compared to the pre-pandemic European average was 5.5% lower. ITA has been explaining for some time that a 15% result bonus should be added to the salary, which would be triggered upon reaching the company’s profitability. A mid-July note spoke of “an operational breakeven to be achieved by the third quarter of 2023.”

    ITA on the Announcement for the Brand

    On Friday, September 24, the ITA Board of Directors gave the green light to the new company to participate in the tender for the sale of the Alitalia brand.

    One Final Accusation

    Italian airports claim that Alitalia did not pay 100 million due to them in the last year.

  • India State Iye Zvino Inoisa Tarisa pane Resilient Tourism
    1. Meseji kubva kuna Odisha Chief Minister yakaratidza kukosha kwekushanya kunoitwa munharaunda.
    2. Odisha inopa dura risingafungidzirwe yezviitiko zvekushanya kwenzvimbo.
    3. Sezvo kufamba nekushanya kuri kuenderera mberi nehondo kurwisa denda iri, Odisha Tourism iri kutora matanho nekukurumidza kusimudzira bato rezvekushanya rehurumende rinozvimiririra uye rinotsigira kudzikisira hupfumi hwakawanda.

    Mutungamiri Mukuru VaNaveen Patnaik, Hurumende yeOdisha, vakatumira meseji inoratidza kudiwa kwekushanya kunozvimiririra, inotarisira uye inotungamirwa munharaunda. Meseji yakaverengerwa panguva yewebhu webhusaiti naVaSachin Ramchandra Jadhav, Director & Addl. Secretary, Department of Tourism, Hurumende yeOdisha.

    Iye akati: "Odisha inopa dura risingafungidzirwe yezviitiko zvekushanya kwenzvimbo. Kunyangwe paine matambudziko akaunzwa nedenda iri, takaona kusimba nekusimba kunoratidzwa nevevatori vechikamu veindasitiri yekushanya uye yekugamuchira vaeni mukugadzira yakachengeteka, yakachengeteka uye ine ruzivo rwekuvandudza ruzivo kune vafambi kuti vaongorore Odisha - Chakavanzika Chakanakisisa cheIndia.

    “Dingindira reWorld Tourism Day 2021 rinoti Tourism for Inclusive Growth. Sezvo chikamu chekufamba uye chekushanya chichienderera mberi nehondo yekurwisa denda iri, Odisha Tourism iri kutora matanho nekukurumidza kusimudzira chikamu chakabatana chehurumende yezvekushanya inozvishingisa uye inotsigira upfumi hwakawanda. Yakasimba uye inotaridzika yekushanya yakakosha kuna Odisha.

    "Kushanya kwakasimba uye kwakaringana kwakakosha kuna Odisha. Zvipo zvedu zvakakosha ndezve munharaunda. Mubayiro weOdisha unohwina ecotourism chirongwa chemunharaunda chakachengetedzwa musasa chinoratidza muenzaniso uyu mutsamba nemweya. Isu tazivisawo Odisha Homestay Establishment Scheme 2021 yekugonesa kugadzirwa kwezviitiko zvekushanyirwa zvinonyudza kuburikidza nekushandisa dzimba dzekugara munzvimbo dzisina kuongororwa dzisina bio dzakasiyana netsika dzakapfuma apo zvichisimudzira mabhizimusi emuno nekuwedzera raramo yekumaruwa.

    "Mukuedza kwedu kuvaka Odisha senzvimbo yekushanya yezvepasi rose, tiri kushingairira kusimudzira zvivakwa kuburikidza nekuronga kwakarongeka kwenzvimbo dzakatarwa munzvimbo dzakapoterera nedunhu rekutora chikamu kwenharaunda pamwe nekubatanidzwa kwemabhizimusi anowedzera anokosha senge mabasa emaoko nekusimudzira chaiyo Odia Cuisine. ”

    VaJyoti Prakash Panigrahi, Gurukota rezveKushanya, Mutauro weOdia, Zvinyorwa & Tsika, Hurumende yeOdisha, vakati Odisha akagadzirisazve zano uye chiono chekushanya munzvimbo yeECVID nharaunda achivimbisa kuti chengetedzo ndiyo inonyanya kukosha.

    Vachisimbisa kugona kukuru kwekushanya muhurumende, VaPanigrahi vakati: “Tine nzvimbo dzakasarudzika, tsika nemagariro munzvimbo yeOdisha. Sezvakataurwa neMutungamiriri wedu Anokudzwa, hurumende yedu yakazvipira kuchengetedza ecotourism mune yemunharaunda inotungamirwa modhi inova zvakare inogara. Hurumende yakagashirawo Mubairo weSirivheri we "Yakanakisisa Ramangwana Mberi Nyika" kumatanho echitanhatu eIndia Anotungamira Ekushanya. Odisha mutungamiri mu Tourism uye Sports. Hurumende inotungamirawo mune zvimwe zvikamu zvakaita sekupa masimba evakadzi izvo zvinoteedzerwa nedzimwe nyika. ”

    Kupfuurirazve, Gurukota rakasimbisawo nezveCaravan Tourism, mutemo weHurumende ye India, uye akataura kuti nyika iri kutora matanho ese kubva mukugadzirwa kwezvivakwa zvakakosha zvinodiwa kuCaravan Tourism kusvika kune yekupedzisira chigadzirwa kuona kuti izvi zvapedzwa nekuitwa munguva pfupi.

    Mr. Surendra Kumar, Principal Secretary, Department of Tourism, Government of Odisha, said: “This World Tourism Day, all governments are recognizing and actively working towards Inclusive Growth including Odisha. The Odisha Government had recognized this even way before the pandemic struck that tourism is a key sector for growth. Some of the key focus areas that Odisha tourism has been working are Heritage tourism and Tribal tourism.

    “The state is also ramping up the award-winning community-led ecotourism models. In the last four five years, Odisha has developed a lot of eco-tourism sites both by the Tourism department as well as the Forest department.  Despite the pandemic, the eco-retreat at Konark had fifty percent occupancy and other sites had forty percent occupancy. The Eco Retreat will be expanded to seven unique eco-tourism destinations this year and the model on which the project is based incorporates best practices in material utilization, zero liquid and sewerage discharge and holistic waste management.

    “Odisha government has created an investor-friendly climate in the state to rebuild the industry in the next 5 years. Surveys of investible tourism landbanks are being carried out to develop both existing and unexplored tourism destinations. Private sector investments are being facilitated through attractive incentivization schemes.”

    Mr. Suman Billa, Director, United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNTWO), Technical Cooperation & Silk Road Development, stated: “There is no sector as efficient as the tourism sector in taking up the inclusive growth to its peak. Tourism matters because of its sheer size. The industry accounts for 1.7 trillion dollars in terms of exports alone. One out of every ten jobs are created by the Tourism sector. One of the other important aspects of Tourism is its ability to create jobs for a diverse workforce.

    “Odisha has taken up fundamental and far-reaching initiatives to create ‘Inclusive Tourism’. One of the most important cornerstones is that Odisha has taken up initiatives in creating authentic and traditional experiences for tourists and this is supported by their push to create homestays which is excellent. This not only gives the opportunity to showcase the true experience of Odisha to the tourist but also creates economic avenues for the community.

    “Odisha is also supporting its traditional industry like handicrafts and handlooms through tourism. It is also excellent that Odisha is creating traditional wooden boats that will be manned by the local boatmen thus creating livelihoods for them.”

    Mr. J. K. Mohanty, CMD, Swosti Group; Capt Suresh Sharma, Founder and Director Operations, Green Dot Expeditions; Dr. Vithal Venkatesh Kamat, Executive Chairman & Managing Director, Kamat Hotels Group Ltd.; and Mr. Devjyoti Patnaik, avid traveler and biker, also shared their perspective on the tourism potential in the state.

    A second TV commercial on “Odisha by Road,” a campaign initiated last year on World Tourism Day to promote road trips in Odisha, was launched during the webinar.

    The results of the World Tourism Day 2021 Photography competition “Odisha Through Your Lens” were also announced during the webinar. The top 100 photo contest entries are currently on display at Bhubaneswar’s Utkal Galleria and Esplanade mall.

    #rekuvakazve

  • Tanzania Yevashanyi Vashandisi 'Nyowani Yekushambadzira Kukwezva Vashanyi Madhora
    1. TATO yanga ichishanda siku nesikati kuronga nzira dzekubatsira kumutsidzira kushanya kwakakundwa nedambudziko rekona.
    2. Sangano rakaunza makiyi ekufambisa epasirese muTanzania kuti vaongorore nekuona kunaka kwenyika.
    3. Zvirongwa zvaro zvazvino uno ndezvekusimudzira nyika senzvimbo yakachengeteka pakati penjodzi yeCOVID-19.

    "Sezvo nyika inotanga kuvhurika zvakare, uye tarisiro yezvekushanya ichiratidzika kunge yakajeka, ndinoshuvira kukurudzira vese vane chekuita kuti vazvimise kuti vapinde muindasitiri," akadaro CEO weTATO, VaSirili Akko, muhurukuro yemangwanani yeTanzania yeTerevhizheni. ratidza sechikamu chezuva rekushanya kwenyika fête.

    Vachirumbidza dingindira re2021, Tourism for Inclusive Growth, VaAkko vakati TATO yanga ichishanda nguva dzese kuronga nzira dzekukurumidza dzekubatsira kumutsidzira kushanya kwakakundwa nedambudziko rekonaona kuti ibatsire vese.

    “Isu sevatyairi vemabhizimusi takabatana takabatana neUNDP pamwe nehurumende, tafunga kugadzira nzira dzekugadzirisa kushanya kwenyika. Izvi zvinosanganisira kudzorera vafambi chivimbo nekubaya jekiseni vese vedu vepamberi vashandi, kuburitsa COVID sampuro yekuunganidzira nzvimbo chaipo mumapaki emunyika, kuendesa mamiriro-e-iyo-maamburenzi, uye kufunga zvakare nzira dzekutengesa pakukwirira kwe iyo COVID-19 dambudziko, ”Akatsanangura kudaro.

    Chokwadi, TATO yaunza yakakosha yepasirese vashanyi vekushanya muTanzania kuti vaongorore nekuona kunaka kwenyika mukuyedza kwayo ichangoburwa kusimudzira nyika senzvimbo yakachengeteka pakati penjodzi yeCOVID-19, yakarova misika yakakosha yekushanya.

    Kune TATO, zano rinoita kuti kushambadzira kwakawanda uye pfungwa yehupfumi ndeyekuunza vafambi kuti vaone zvishoma zvinokwezva zvepasirese zvepasirese pane kuti vashanyi vavatevere mhiri kwemakungwa nemifananidzo ichiripo uye inofamba.

    Boka remhandara revamiriri vekuUS, avo vari kusimudzira rwendo rwavo vachiongorora nyika, vanga vari muArusha, guta guru re safari safari; Lake Manyara park yenyika; Ngorongoro crater, inonzi iyo Edheni reAfrica; Serengeti paki yenyika kuona nyika yasara yekufamba kwemusango; uye paGomo reKilimanjaro, rakaitwa sedenga reAfrica.

    Izvi zvinouya panguva iyo indasitiri yekushanya yakatarisana nematambudziko akasarudzika, zvichimanikidza vashanyi vekushanya kuyedza kusiyanisa nzira yavo yekushambadzira kukwezva vashanyi vazhinji uye kusimudzira nhamba dzekushanya kuti vapone pakurwiswa kwemakwikwi eruzivo kubva kune dzimwe nzvimbo dzine zvinokwezva zvakafanana mukuuya kwe Denda recovid19.

    Vanoongorora nezveindasitiri yezvekushanya vanoti chiitiko ichi chinoratidza shanduko yezvekutengesa, sezvo pachinyakare nzira yevashanyi yakashomeka kuenda kunze kwenyika kusimudzira zvinokwezva zvevashanyi munyika zvakanyanya.

    Denda rakatyisidzira rese kukosha kwekushanya, rakagadzira mamiriro apo nzira dzechinyakare dzekutaurirana nekushandira pamwe dzingave dzichichinja zvakanyanya kuenda kudigital pane nzira dzepanyama uye nzira, uye yakaratidza zvikanganiso zvingangoita maererano nebhizinesi.

    Uyezve, Tanzania kushanya inoda kufamba nemikana nezvipingamupinyi zvinounzwa nemhando dzakasiyana dzemagariro, nharaunda, uye zvematongerwo enyika.

    TATO, inhengo inofambiswa nenhengo inosimudzira zvirinani kushanya, irikuitawo basa rekubatanidza mabhizinesi uye vanhu vari mukati mekutengesa kuti vagadzirise kugovana ruzivo, maitiro akanaka, kutengeserana, uye kushamwaridzana mukati meindasitiri iyi.

    VaGeorge Tarimo, sachigaro wemhizha diki dzinogadzirwa nemaoko paMaasai Market iri muArusha, vakati denda reCOVID-19 rakapa chidzidzo pakudikanwa kwekubatanidzwa kweTanzania.

    “As the tourism industry starts recovering again, we are just asking travel companies to embrace the Maasai market for carvings into your itineraries to get a cut of the growing market,” Mr. Tarimo noted, adding that the handcraft has been providing economic opportunities to thousands of people in the country.

    According to the UN Education Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), handcraft is the second employer after agriculture in developing countries, mostly employing illiterate, semi-literate, and women.

    The value of handcraft is estimated to stand at $34 billion a year globally and in Tanzania a tourist on average used to spend between $20 and $80 on handcraft, making it a jewel crucial to reduce poverty levels particularly among women and the youth.

    Eliakim Laizer, a Board member for the Tanzania Cultural Tourism Organizers (TACTO), extolled TATO working in partnership with UNDP for its painstaking efforts to revive the key industry to spur other businesses, recover thousands of lost jobs, and generate revenue for the economy.

    He pleaded with tour operators to help promote cultural sites for tourism to be inclusive.

    “Cultural tourism is much broader than historical sites and curio shops. In this case, visitors have to be exposed to the typical lifestyles of the local communities; their traditional food, clothing, houses, dances; and so on and so forth,” Mr. Laizer noted.

    Transferring dollars from international tourists to poor people living around tourist destinations has been a major challenge in Tanzania.

    For instance, lots of dollars are generated from Tanzania`s world-famous northern tourist circuit, but very little trickles into the pockets of ordinary people who live in its vicinity.

    According to the SNV study dubbed, “Tracing the Tourist Dollar in Northern Tanzania,” while the northern safari circuit attracts 700,000 tourists with combined revenues of nearly $950 million, only 18%, equivalent to $171 million, goes to the communities around, through the multiplier effects.

    However, analysts say cultural tourism undertaking is the best model to transfer tourist dollars to the poor people than anything else in the tourism industry.

    Foreign exchange earnings from tourism in Tanzania has dropped to a 10-year low during the year ending October 2020 thanks to travel restrictions imposed by several countries across the world in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Bank of Tanzania (BOT) figures show that Tanzania earnings from tourism in the period under review plunged by over 50 percent to $1.2 billion compared to $2.5 billion earned in the similar period in 2019.

    The amount was last recorded in October 2020 when the country earned $1.23 billion from the tourism industry.

    Wildlife tourism in Tanzania continues to grow, with nearly 1.5 million tourists visiting the country annually, earning the country $2.5 billion, the equivalent of nearly 17.6 percent of the GDP, cementing its position as the country’s leading foreign currency earner.

    Pamusoro pezvo, kutashanya kunopa 600,000 mabasa akananga kuTanzania uye vanopfuura miriyoni imwe vanowana mari kubva kumaindasitiri.

    #rekuvakazve

  • American Airlines kuenda kukodeshare neIndiGo kuIndia nendege
    • Ndege huru yeIndia inozivisa chibvumirano chekodeshare neAmerican Airlines munzira dzepamba.
    • Kugovera kodhi-kodhi inobvumidza ndege kuti itengese zvigaro mundege inoshandiswa nemumwe wayo, kuti ikwanise kubhururuka vafambi kuenda kunzvimbo dzaisingashande.
    • American Airlines iri kuvhura sevhisi nyowani pakati peNew York neguta reIndia Delhi mwedzi unouya.

    Sezvo American Airlines iri kugadzirira kuvhura sevhisi nyowani pakati peUSA neIndia, yakazivisa kodhi yekugovana kodhi neIndiGo inotakura India.

    Chibvumirano chekodeshare, chaziviswa nhasi, chinotarisirwa kutanga muna Gumiguru, uye tichaona American Airlines'kodhi pane makumi maviri nemapfumbamwe enzira dzeIndiGo dzekumba muIndia.

    Kodhi-yekugovana chibvumirano inobvumidza vatakuri vemhepo kuti vatengese zvigaro kwendege dzinoshandiswa nevavanofambidzana navo, kuitira kuti vakwanise kuendesa vafambi vavo kunzvimbo dzavasinga shumire.

    Iyo kodhi-yekugovana inobata nayo indigo, inova nendege huru kwazvo yeIndia nenhamba yevatakuri vakatakurwa, uye iri muridzi weInterGlobe Aviation, inoda mvumo kuvakuru vehurumende yeUS neIndia, akadaro American Airlines.

    American Airlines iri kuvhura sevhisi nyowani pakati peNew York City neguta reIndia Delhi mwedzi unouya, uye pakati peSeattle, WA neguta reBangaluru kutanga kwegore rinouya.

    American Airlines, Inc.inzvimbo huru yendege yekuAmerican ine mahofisi makuru muFort Worth, Texas, mukati meDallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Ndiyo ndege huru yepasirese kana ichiyerwa nehukuru hwezvikepe, vakatakurwa vakatakurwa, uye mari yemutyairi mamaira.

    indigo ndeyendege yakadzika inodhura yeIndia inotungamirwa kuGurgaon, Haryana, India. Ndiyo ndege huru kwazvo muIndia nevatakuri vakatakura uye saizi yezvikepe, iine 59.24% yemugove wemusika wepamba kubva muna Nyamavhuvhu 2020.

  • Canary Island yeLa Palma ikozvino nzvimbo yedambudziko
    • Sipanishi Canary Islads 'La Palma chitsuwa chakamirira inogona kunge ine chepfu gore kubva kumakomo anoputika.
    • Hurumende yeSpain inovimbisa mamirioni mukutsigira sezvo chiitiko chakasimba chegomo rinopfuurira kuparadza La Palma.
    • Iye zvino, mamirioni mune zviwanikwa zvehurumende anogona kusunungurwa kutsigira matanho ekukurumidzira paLa Palma, uye neavo akakanganiswa nekuputika. 

    Hurumende yeSpain yakazivisa nhasi, ichizivisa zviri pamutemo iyo Canary IslandsLa Palma, iyo inogara kure nemhenderekedzo yeNorth Africa, 'nzvimbo yedambudziko'.

    Kuzivisa kwenzvimbo yenjodzi kwaizobvumira iyo Hurumende yeSpain kuita kuti mamirioni ema euro muhurumende mari iwanikwe yekutsigira matanho ekukurumidzira paLa Palma, uye vagari vepachitsuwa vakanganiswa nebasa rakakura remakomo rinoenderera mberi nekuparadza chiwi.

    Maererano ne Hurumende yeSpain mutauriri, hurumende yainge yagovera chikamu chekutanga che € 10.5 mamirioni ($ 12.30 mamirioni) mukubatsira mari kuna La Palma.

    Pasuru iyi inosanganisira € 5 miriyoni yekutenga dzimba, nepo imwe yasara mari yacho yaizotengwa kutenga fenicha uye zvinhu zvakakosha zvemumba mushure mezviuru zvaifanira kutamiswa.

    Lava inoenderera ichiyerera ichibva kuCumbre Vieja volcano iyo mafississ yakatanga kuvhurwa munaGunyana 19 mushure memakumi emakore yekusaita basa, ichiparadza dzimba dzinosvika mazana matanhatu pamwe nemachechi neminda yemabhanana pa Canary Island inozivikanwa nevashanyi.

    Nyanzvi dzinonetsekana kuti mabota anobva kugomo racho anogona kugadzira makore ehuturu hwehydrochloric acid mhute kana ukasvika pagungwa. Nepo imwe yenzizi mbiri dzemabota yakadzikira, imwe yacho yatanga kumhanya. Mishumo neChipiri yakaratidza kuti imwe ingori mazana 800 metres kubva kugungwa. 

    Zviremera zvave zvichitarisira kuti mabota asvike kugungwa kwemazuva, asi kuita kwekuputika kwave kuchishanduka, zvichideredza kufambira mberi kwenzizi dzinopisa. Nekudaro, chiitiko chakasimudzwa zvakare nehusiku humwe, zvichiwedzera kunetseka. 

    Kunyange zviuru zvakatamiswa, vazhinji vanoramba vakahwandira mumisha yemahombekombe vachitarisira kuyerera kwakanyungudika kunosvika kuAtlantic Ocean. Misha mitatu yakavharwa neMuvhuro mukutarisira, vagari vakaudzwa kuti vachengetedze mawindo uye vagare mumba.  

    Parizvino, hapana kufa kana kukuvara kwakanyanya kwakaziviswa kubvira pakatanga kuputika.

  • Kurarama Kwevashanyi Mapiyona Anozivikanwa Nekupa Kwavo KuIndasitiri
    1. Gurukota rezveKushanya Sylvestre Radegonde vakaparura mazita pachiitiko ichi chakaitirwa kuPioneer Park.
    2. Mutero wakabhadharwa kune vese avo vakaita chikamu chakakosha muindasitiri yeSychelles yekushanya, vachicherekedza chinguva chekunyarara kune avo vasisiri pano.
    3. Gurukota rakasimbisa kuti mapiyona ari kukudzwa anofanira kuve muenzaniso kune vechidiki.

    Hunhu hwakazivikanwa gore rino ndiMai Doris Calais, Mai Mary naVaAlbert Geers, Mai Gemma Jessie, Mai Jeanne Legge, VaLars-Eric Linblad, Mai Kathleen naMnu Michael Mason, VaJoseph Monchouguy , VaMarcel Moulinie, Mai Jenny Pomeroy, naVaGuy naMai Marie-France Savy.

    Kufumura mazita akanyorwa pamahwendefa akaratidzirwa pa Seychelles Tourism Pioneer Park iri pamusuwo weChikemy, Gurukota rezveKushanya Sylvestre Radegonde, uyo akabatanidzwa pachiitiko ichi nevakakudzwa kana vamiriri vavo, vakati kune vekutanga-nguva vekushanya vachiri vapenyu vari kupembererwa, kuwedzera kune avo vatisiya.

    “Aka ndekekutanga kuziva vanhu vachiri vapenyu. Tinotenda kuti tinofanirwa kupa vanhu kuzivikanwa vachiri vapenyu. Zvakanaka kuti vazive kuti mupiro wavo unokosheswa, ”gurukota rakadaro.

    Gurukota rezveKushanya Sylvestre Radegonde

    Mumashoko avo ekuvhura gurukota rakapa rukudzo kune vese vakaita chikamu chakakosha muindasitiri yekushanya yeSychelles, vachicherekedza runyararo kune avo vasisiri nesu.

    “Chiitiko ichi mukana wekurangarira nekukudza varidzi vevhu ve Seychelles Tourism indasitiri. Wese munhu muindastiri anoita basa rakakosha. Ndiri kufara isu tiri pano nhasi tichirangarira vese avo vakashanda nesimba kuti vagadzire indasitiri kwairi nhasi. Tiri kukudza mapiyona gumi asi izvo zvakawanda zvekutevera. Kune avo vari pano, pakave nekushinga kukuru pane zvamakaita kumaindasitiri uye tinotenda nazvo, ”Minister Radegonde vakadaro.

    Kutora mukana wenzvimbo yakaitirwa mhemberero uko kwave kuumbirwa vaenzi venyika neramangwana, gurukota rakasimbisa kuti mapiyona ari kukudzwa anofanira kuva muenzaniso kune vechidiki, achivayeuchidza kuti kushanda muindasitiri yekushanya kwakaoma, asi izvo nekuzvipira uye kushanda nesimba hapana chinogoneka. "Vanhu vatinoziva nhasi vanga vari mumaindasitiri kwemakore mazhinji, uye vanhu vanovaziva vakaona matangiro avakaita - madiki chaizvo, uye nekushanda nesimba kwavakaita kuti vakwanise kusvika pavari nhasi."

    Tourism ibasa reumwe neumwe wedu, gurukota rakadaro, richiratidza kukosha kwekuti munhu wese ashande pamwe chete kusimudzira zviyero zvebasa munzvimbo yaari kuenda. Achipa mhosva zviitiko zvekubiwa uye zvekuitirwa vashanyi akakumbira ruzhinji rwevanhu kuti vazive zviito zvavo sezvo zvichikanganisa chimiro chenyika.

    2021 inoratidzira gore rechitanhatu kubva apo mapiyona ekushanya ari kuzivikanwa, chirongwa chakatangwa nevaimbove gurukota rezvekushanya, VaAlain St Ange. Vaipinda musangano uyu kuSTA vaive Gurukota rezvematunhu & Nharaunda Vanochengetedza Mai Rose-Marie Hoareau, vaimbova makurukota anoona nezveKushanya VaAlain St. Ange naMai Simone Marie-Anne de Comarmond, Secretary of Secretary for Tourism Sherin Francis uye Director we iyo Seychelles Tourism Academy Mr. Terrence Max.  

  • Expedia Inoona Inoshamisa Kukura kweJamaica
    1. Iyo yakanyanya kuvanzika dhata analytics mharidzo yakaitirwa kuExppedia Inc.hofisi yemubatanidzwa muMiami, Florida, nezuro, Muvhuro, Gunyana 27, 2021.
    2. Nepo paine zvinetswa zvine chekuita neCOPVID-19, kuvimba kwevakakosha vezvekushanya muUS kuti kukura muJamaica kunoramba kwakasimba.
    3. Jamaica inoenderera mberi nekusimbisa kuchengetedzeka kweResilient Corridors.

    Nhau dzinotambirwa dzinouya kunyangwe zvichinonoka kushanya kwepasirese kudiwa kwakakonzerwa nekupararira kweiyo Delta musiyano we COVID-19 nenyaya dzakabatana. Iko kunonoka kwakakanganisa zvakashata Chikamu chekushanya cheJamaica, zvakadaro, pane chivimbo chiri kukura chekuti mamiriro ezvinhu anozoshanduka kuita nani munguva pfupi. 

    Bartlett akati: “Kusvika pari zvino kubatana kwedu nevatambi vanokosha mukushanya muUnited States kwave kwakanaka. Iko kune COVID-19 zvinetswa zvine hukama, zvisinei, kuvimba mukukura kwe Jamaica inoramba yakasimba kwazvo. Ticharamba tichisiya chero chinhu chichiitika netsaona nekusimbisa kuchengetedzeka kweResilient Corridors, kuvandudza kwedu uye nzira pamusoro pemiyero yevhavhosi yeECVID-19 mudunhu rese rekushanya uye chokwadi chiri nyore chekuti Jamaica ndiyo nzvimbo yakanakisa yekuenda kuzororo muCaribbean. " 

    Tourism kune kununura Saint Vincent
    Jamaica Gurukota Rezvekushanya Hon. Edmund Bartlett

    Iyo yakanyanya yakavanzika dhata analytics mharidzo yakaitirwa kuExppedia Inc.hofisi yemubatanidzwa muMiami, Florida neMuvhuro, Gunyana 27, 2021. Bartlett akabatanidzwa nasachigaro weJamaica Tourist Board, John Lynch; Director we Tourism, Donovan White; Senior Strategist mubazi rezveKushanya, Delano Seiveright uye Mutevedzeri Director weKushanya kuAmerica, Donnie Dawson. Iyo Expedia kubatanidzwa ndeimwe mumatanho emisangano nevatungamiriri vanoverengeka veindasitiri yekufamba, kusanganisira makuru maAirines, Cruise Lines uye maInvestors, pamisika mikuru yeJamaica, United States neCanada. Izvi zviri kuitirwa kuwedzera vanosvika kune kwavanoenda mumasvondo nemwedzi iri kuuya, zvakare, kukurudzira kumwe kudyara munzvimbo yekushanya yemuno.

    Expedia Inc. zvakare ndiyo yechitatu kambani huru yekufamba muUS, uye yechina kambani yakakura yekufamba pasirese. Mawebhusaiti ayo, ayo anonyanya kufambisa ma aggregator uye enjini dzekufambisa metasearch, anosanganisira Expedia.com, Vrbo (yaimbova HomeAway), Hotels.com, Hotwire.com, Orbitz, Travelocity, trivago uye CarRentals.com.    

  • Nyowani CDC yambiro yengozi pane yechitatu COVID Shot
    • CDC Kudzidza nezveKuchengetedzwa Kwekuchengetedza kweKuwedzera Dosi yeCOVID-19 Vaccine
    • Chii chinotozivikanwa nezve the booster kupfura?
    • Pakati pe306 Pfizer-BioNTech kiriniki yekuyedza vatori vechikamu, kusagadzikana kusagadzikana mushure meiyo dosi 3 kwaive kwakafanana neaya mushure medosi 2.

    Chii chinowedzerwa nemushumo uyu pane pfuti nhamba 3 yakaburitswa naCDC nhasi?

    Panguva yaNyamavhuvhu 12 – Gunyana 19, 2021, pakati pe12,591 v-vakachengeteka vanyoresa vakapedza kuongororwa kweongororo yehutano mushure meese matatu madhizaini emIRNA COVID-3 jekiseni, 19% uye 79.4% yakashuma maitiro emuno kana ehurongwa, zvichiteerana. chechitatu dose; 74.1% uye 77.6% yakashuma maitiro emuno kana ehurongwa mushure mechipiri chipimo, zvichiteerana.

    Ndezvipi zvinorehwa nemutambo wehutano hwevanhu?

    Kuzvidira mishumo kune v-yakachengeteka haina kuwana isingatarisirwi mapatani ekuchinja kwakashata mushure meimwe yekuwedzera mushonga weCVVID-19 wekudzivirira. CDC ichaenderera mberi ichichengetedza chengetedzo yekudzivirira, kusanganisira yekuwedzera COVID-19 doses.

    Musi waAugust 12, 2021, Chikafu neDrug Administration (FDA) yakagadzirisa Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs) yemishonga yekudzivirira Pfizer-BioNTech neModerna COVID-19 kubvumidza kuiswa kweimwezve dosi mushure mekupedza chirongwa chekutanga chekudzivirira kune vanhu vanokodzera vane zvine mwero kusvika zvakanyanya mamiriro ekudzivirira maunidomu (1,2). Musi waSeptember 22, 2021, FDA yakabvumidza imwe yedhizaini Pfizer-BioNTech jekiseni ≥6 mwedzi mushure mekupedzwa kwekutanga nhevedzano pakati pevanhu vane makore makumi matanhatu neshanu makore, vari panjodzi yakanyanya yeECVID-65 yakaoma, kana vane mukana wekushanda kana wechechi unovaisa njodzi huru yeCOVID-19 (1). Mhedzisiro kubva muchikamu che3 chemakiriniki kutongwa kwakaitwa naPfizer-BioNTech iyo yaisanganisira vanhu makumi matatu nematanhatu vane makore 306-18 yakaratidza kuti maitiro akashata mushure mekugamuchira wechitatu dose wakapihwa mwedzi 55-5 mushure mekupedzwa kweiyo 8-dose yekutanga mRNA yekudzivirira akateedzana akafanana izvo zvakashumwa mushure mekugamuchira dosi 2; aya maitiro akashata aisanganisira nyoro kusvika pakuenzanisa jekiseni saiti uye systemic maitiro (3). CDC yakagadzira v-yakachengeteka, yekuzvidira, smartphone-yakavakirwa chengetedzo yekutarisa system, kupa ruzivo nezve zvakashata maitiro mushure meCCVID-19 yekudzivirira.

    Zvinowirirana nekupihwa mvumo kweimwe dosi kune vanhu vane mamiriro ekudzivirira muviri, iyo v-yakachengeteka chikuva yakagadziriswa kubvumidza vanyoresa kuisa ruzivo nezve mamwe madhizaini eECVID-19 jekiseni rakagamuchirwa. Munguva yaNyamavhuvhu 12 – Gunyana 19, 2021, vanokwana 22,191 v-safe registrants vakashumwa kutambira imwe yedosi yevhavha yeCOVID-19. Mazhinji (97.6%) akarondedzera yekutanga 2-dose mRNA yekudzivirira akateedzana achiteverwa neyechitatu dhizaini yemushonga mumwe chete. Pakati peavo vakapedza kuongorora kwehutano kweye ese matatu madhizaini (3; 12,591%), 58.1% uye 79.4% yakashuma maitiro emuno kana ehurongwa, zvichiteerana, mushure medosi 74.1, zvichienzaniswa ne3% uye 77.6% vakashuma zvemuno kana systemic maitiro, zvichiteerana, mushure medosi 76.5. Izvi zviwanikwa zvekutanga zvinoratidza hapana maitiro asingatarisirwi ekuchinja kwakashata mushure meimwe yekuwedzera mushonga weCCVID-2; mazhinji eaya maitiro akashata aive akapfava kana akaenzana. CDC ichaenderera mberi ichiona chengetedzo yekudzivirira, kusanganisira kuchengetedzwa kwemamwe majekiseni emushonga weCOVID-19, uye ichipa dhata rekutungamira kurwisa kwekudzivirira uye kuchengetedza hutano hweveruzhinji.

    V-yakachengeteka ndeyokuzvidira, smartphone-yakavakirwa kuUS chengetedzo yekutarisa system; vakabaiwa vanhu vanokodzera kupihwa mushonga unodzivirirwa kana wakapihwa rezenisi vanogona kunyoresa mu-safe. Iyo v-yakachengeteka chikuva inobvumidza varipo vanyoresa kuti vataure vanogamuchira imwe yekuwedzera dosi yeCOVID-19 jekiseni uye vatsva vanyoresa kuisa ruzivo nezve ese madosi eiyo COVID-19 jekiseni rakagamuchirwa. MaV-safe hutano ongororo anotumirwa mukati memazuva 0-7 mushure meimwe nhomba yemushonga uye inosanganisira mibvunzo nezve nzvimbo jekiseni yenzvimbo uye maitiro ehurongwa uye kukanganisa kwehutano. Vashandi veVaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) vanonyoresa vanonyoresa kuti kurapwa kwakatsvakwa mushure mekudzivirira uye kukurudzira kana kufambisa kupera kwemushumo weVAERS, kana zvichiratidzwa.§

    Pakati pev-safe registrant vakashuma kutambira imwe yekudzivirira yeCOVID-19 mushonga muna Nyamavhuvhu 12 - Gunyana 19, 2021, huwandu hwevanhu, maitiro emuno uye ehurongwa, uye kukanganisa kwehutano kwakataurwa mukati memazuva 0-7 kwakatsanangurwa nemhando yekudzivirira (kureva. , mugadziri wemushonga unogashirwa padosi yega yega). Vanhu vakataura kuti vanogashira main series kubva kune vakasiyana vagadziri kana mugadziri anga asingazivikanwe kana asingawanikwe muUnited States, kana maviri madosi emushonga mushure mekugamuchira mushonga weJanssen (Johnson & Johnson) kamwechete (2) vakasiyiwa kubva pakuwongorora yekunzwa kwakashata mushure mekugamuchira iyo yekuwedzera dosi.

    Nguva yakapfuura kubva pakupera kwekutanga wekudzivirira nhevedzano kutambira imwe yedosi yakatsanangurwa nepateni yekudzivirira. Mapikicha ezviitiko zvakashata mushure meyero 2 ne3 akafananidzwa kune vanyoresa avo vakagamuchira mushonga weMRNA kubva kumugadziri mumwechete kune ese matatu madhizaini. SAS software (vhezheni 9.4; SAS Institute) yakashandiswa kuitisa zvese ongororo. Aya mabasa ekutarisa akaongororwa neCDC uye akaitwa achienderana nemutemo wehurumende nemutemo weCDC. **

    Munguva yaNyamavhuvhu 12 – Gunyana 19, 2021, vanokwana 22,191 v-safe registrants vakashumwa kutambira imwe dosi yekudzivirira ye COVID-19 mushure mekupedza yekutanga akateedzana (Tafura 1). Pakati peizvi, 14,048 (63.3%) vaive vakadzi, uye vangangoita 30% mumwe nemumwe vaive nemakore 18-49, 50-64, uye makore 65-74.

    Vazhinji vanyoresa (21,662; 97.6%) vakashuma kuti vakagamuchira dosi yechitatu kubva kumugadziri mumwechete seyekutanga mRNA vaccine nhevedzano, kusanganisira 98.6% yeModerna vanogamuchira uye 98.2% yePfizer-BioNTech vanogamuchira. Vashoma vanyoresa (341; 1.5%) vakashuma yekutanga mRNA yekudzivirira akateedzana ichiteverwa neyekuwedzera dhizaini yemRNA yekudhira kubva kune akasiyana mugadziri, muyero weJanssen wekudzivirira mushure mekugamuchira yekutanga mRNA yekudzivirira akateedzana (10; 0.05%), kana imwezve mushonga weCCVID-19 wekudzivirira kubva kune chero mugadziri mushure mejekiseni raJanssen (178; 0.8%).

    Pakati pevane 22,191 v-vakachengeteka vanyoreri, iyo nguva yepakati kubva pakupera kwepakutanga COVID-19 yekudzivirira nhevedzano yekugamuchira imwe dosi yaive mazuva 182 (interquartile renji [IQR] = mazuva 160-202) (Tafura 2). Pakati peavo vakagamuchira mibairo miviri yejekiseni reJanssen, iyo nguva yepakati pakati pemadhosi yakanga iri pfupi (mazuva 2; IQR = mazuva 84-16).

    Yemunharaunda (16,615; 74.9%) uye systemic (15,503; 69.9%) maitiro aigara achitaurwa mukati mevhiki mushure meimwe dosi yekuwedzera yevhavha yeCCVID-19, kazhinji pazuva rakatevera rekudzivirira. Kazhinji kutaurwa kwekuita kwaive jekiseni saiti kurwadziwa (15,761; 71.0%), kuneta (12,429; 56.0%), uye musoro (9,636; 43.4%).

    Pakati pe22,191 yekuwedzera vanogamuchira dosi, huwandu hwe7,067 (31.8%) hwakaratidza kukanganisa kwehutano, uye vangangoita 28.3% (6,287) vakashuma kuti vaisakwanisa kuita zvakajairwa zvezuva nezuva, kazhinji pazuva rakatevera rekudzivirira. Kurapwa kwakatsvakwa ne401 (1.8%) vanyoresa, uye gumi nematatu (0.1%) vakaiswa muchipatara. Zvikonzero zvekutambira kurapwa kana kuchipatara hazvina kuzivikanwa muv-safe survey; zvisinei, vanyoresa avo vanoratidza kuti kurapwa kwakatsvakwa mushure mekudzivirira vanofonerwa nevashandi veAMAERS uye vanokurudzirwa kupedzisa mushumo weVAERS.

    Pakati pe 21,658 v-vakachengeteka vanyoreri vakagamuchira imwechete mRNA jekiseni kune ese matatu madhizaini, 3 (12,591%) vakapedza kanenge kamwe chete kuongororwa kwehutano mumazuva 58.1-0 mushure meese matatu madhizaini; 7% uye 3% yakashuma maitiro emuno kana ehurongwa, zvichiteerana, mushure medosi 79.4, zvichienzaniswa ne74.1% uye 3% iyo yakashuma maitiro emuno kana ehurongwa, zvichiteerana, mushure meyero. Maitiro akataurwa kakawanda mushure meyero 77.6 kupfuura dhosi 76.5 (2; 3% uye 6,283; 3%; p-kukosha = 2) (figiri). Kugadziriswa kwesystem kwakarondedzerwa kushoma kazhinji mushure meyero 3 kupfuura dhosi 2 (4,963; 79.0% uye 5,105; 81.3%; p-kukosha <0.001).

    Pakati pevanyoresa vakagamuchira 3 doses yePfizer-BioNTech (6,308), maitiro emunharaunda akaudzwa kakawanda mushure meyero 3 kupfuura dhosi 2 (4,674; 74.1% uye 4,523; 71.7%; p-kukosha <0.001). Kugadziriswa kwesystem kwakarondedzerwa kushoma kazhinji mushure meyero 3 kupfuura dhosi 2 (4,363; 69.2% uye 4,524; 71.7%; p-kukosha <0.001). Pakati peavo vakataura marwadzo mushure meyero 3 yechirwere cheMRNA, maitiro mazhinji aive akapfava (4,909; 51.4%) kana zvine mwero (4,000; 41.9%); kurwadziwa kwakanyanya (kunotsanangurwa sekutambudzika kunoita kuti zviitiko zvezuva nezuva zviome kana kusabvira) zvakataurwa ne637 (6.7%).

    hurukuro

    Kubva munaGunyana 19, 2021, vangangoita mamirioni 2.21 vanhu muUnited States vakagamuchira mamwe madhizaini emishonga yekudzivirira COVID-19†† mushure mekupedza yekutanga akateedzana. Kubva muna Nyamavhuvhu 12 – Gunyana 19, 2021, hapana maitiro asingatarisirwi ekuchinja kwakashata akaonekwa pakati pevane 22,191 v-vakachengeteka vanyoresa vakagamuchira imwe dosi yemushonga weCCVID-19. Mazhinji akataurwa emuno uye ehurongwa maitiro aive akapfava kusvika pakati nepakati, achinonoka, uye achinyanya kutaurwa zuva rapfuura kubayiwa. Vazhinji vanyoresa avo vakagamuchira imwe yekuwedzera dhipatimendi vanoratidzira yekutanga mRNA yekudzivirira akateedzana inoteverwa neyechitatu dhosi kubva kune mumwe chete mugadziri.

    Iyo Pfizer-BioNTech kiriniki yekuyedza, iyo yaisanganisira vanhu makumi matatu nevatanhatu vane makore 306-18, yakaratidza kuti maitiro mushure medosi 55 angafananidzwa neaya akataurwa mushure medosi 3 (3). Nekudaro, iyi ongororo ye-v-yakachengetedzeka data yakawana maitiro emunharaunda anga akawandisa zvishoma uye maitiro ehurongwa asina kujairika mushure meyero 3 yePfizer-BioNTech.

    Maitiro ekupesana kwakashata akacherechedzwa mushure mechirwere chechitatu cheModerna jekiseni kana Pfizer-BioNTech zvaienderana neakambotsanangurwa maitiro mushure mekugamuchira dosi 3

    Huwandu hwevakanyoresa avo vakaratidza kuti vakagamuchira maviri madosi emushonga weJanssen kana vakagamuchira yavo yekuwedzera dosi kubva kumugadziri akasiyana neiyo yavo yekutanga akange ari mashoma, zvichitadzisa chero mhedzisiro.

    Ruzivo rwekuchengetedza kana kushanda kwejekiseni neECVID-19 zvigadzirwa zvekudzivirira kubva kune vakasiyana vagadziri zvine mashoma; Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) inokurudzira kuti vanhu vane mwero kusvika kumamiriro ezvinhu akasimba ekudzivirira muviri vagamuchire chirwere chechitatu cheMRNA COVID-19 jekiseni kubva kumugadziri mumwechete seyakanyanya nhevedzano.

    CDC kurudziro yeimwe yekuwedzera dovi parizvino haisanganisiri vanhu vakagamuchira mushonga weJanssen.

    Munguva yakafukidzwa neichi chidzidzo, ACIP kurudziro yehumwe mwero weiyo COVID-19 jekiseni yaingogumira kune vanhu vane zvine mwero kusvika zvakanyanya kumatambudziko ekudzivirira masimba avo vakagamuchira

    2 madosi emushonga we mRNA.

    Chidzidzo chakaitwa pakati pevachengeti vehemodialysis vasina immunocompromised. Zvichangoitika zvirevo zvehutachiona muvanhu vakabayiwa uye kuwedzera mukuwandisa kwehutachiona neB.1.617.2 (Delta) musiyano weSARS-CoV-2, hutachiona hunokonzera COVID-19, pakati pevanhu vakabaiwa zvinogona kunge zvakakonzera vamwe vanhu kutsvaga imwe dhizeti kunze kwekurudziro. Iyo yepakati medial kubva pakupedzwa kwepuraimendi nhepfenyuro kutambira imwe yekuwedzera dosi yaive ingangoita mwedzi mitanhatu; nokudaro, vanhu vakapihwa pekutanga panguva yekuburitswa kwemajekiseni eECOVID-6, kusanganisira vashandi vezvehutano pamwe nevakuru vakura, vanogona kunge vakawana imwe dosi.

    Zvakawanikwa mumushumo uyu zvinoenderana nemipimo mina. Kutanga, kunyoreswa mu-v-safe ndekwekuzvidira uye pamwe hakusi mumiriri wevharusi veUS vanhu; ruzhinji rwevatori vechikamu vakazviratidza seVachena uye vasiri veSpanish. Chechipiri, panguva ino yekudzidza, mamwe madosi ekurudziro aive akaganhurirwa kune vanhu vane mamiriro ekudzivirira muviri avo vakapedza yekutanga mRNA COVID-19 yekudzivirira akateedzana; zvisinei, v-safe haina kusanganisira ruzivo nezve mamiriro ekudzivirira.

    Kuwedzera-dhizaini vanogashira vanogona kusanganisira vanhu vane uye vasina mamiriro ekuzvidzivirira. Chechitatu, hukama hunokonzeresa pakati pemushonga uye chiitiko chakakomba chakakomba chakashumwa mushure mekubaiwa nhomba haugone kumisikidzwa uchishandisa v-yakachengetedzeka data. Chekupedzisira, data risingakwani raiwanikwa kuti rione mafomu ekuchinja kwakashata mushure mekugamuchira imwe dosi kubva kumugadziri akasiyana neyekutanga nhevedzano kana yejekiseni raJanssen.

    Imwe yekuwedzera dosi ye mRNA COVID-19 jekiseni inokurudzirwa kune vanhu vane zvine mwero kune zvakanyanya mwero immunocompromising mamiriro (5).

    CDC yakakurudzira imwe yedhizaini Pfizer-BioNTech jekiseni ≥6 mwedzi mushure mekupedzwa kwekutanga mushonga wekudzivirira pakati pevanhu vane makore ≥65 makore, vagari munzvimbo dzekuchengetedza kwenguva refu, uye vanhu vane makore 50-64 makore ane mamiriro ekurapa ari pasi. vanhu vane makore gumi nemasere kusvika makumi masere nepfumbamwe vane mamiriro ekurapa ari pasi uye vanhu vane makore 18-49 makore vari panjodzi yekuwedzera kweECVID-18 kufambiswa uye kutapurirana nekuda kwenzvimbo yebasa kana yehurongwa vanogona kuwana imwe dosi zvichibva pane zvavanowana uye nenjodzi

    Pakutanga kuongororwa kwedata rekuchengetedza kubva> 22,000 v-vakachengeteka marejista anoratidza kuti maitiro emuno awedzerwa zvishoma uye maitiro ehurongwa anoderera zvishoma mushure meyero 3 ye mRNA kupfuura mushure medosi 2.

    Hapana maitiro asingatarisirwi ekuchinja kwakashata akaonekwa; izvo zvakataurwa zvaive zvinyoro kusvika pakati nepakati uye zvichinonoka. CDC ichaenderera mberi ichichengetedza kuchengetedzwa kwemamwe madhizaini eCVV-19 ekudzivirira. Rakawedzerwa dhata pamusoro pekusangana kwakasangana kwakabatana nemusanganiswa wakasiyana wemishonga uye yenguva kubva kupedziswa kwekutanga nhepfenyuro kunokosha kutungamira kurudziro rweveruzhinji.

    mamirireModerna,% (n = 10,601)Pfizer-BioNTech,% (n = 11,412)Janssen,%†, § (n = 178)muunganidzwa
    (N = 22,191)
    Mushonga 3 Moderna
    (n = 10,453; 98.6%)
    Dosi 3 Pfizer-BioNTech
    (n = 144; 1.4%)
    Mushonga 3 Janssen
    (n = 4; 0.04%)
    Dosi 3 Pfizer-BioNTech
    (n = 11,209; 98.2%)
    Mushonga 3 Moderna
    (n = 197; 1.7%)
    Mushonga 3 Janssen
    (n = 6; 0.1%)
    Mushonga 2 Janssen
    (n = 48; 27.0%)
    Mushonga 2 Moderna
    (n = 64; 36.0%)
    Dosi 2 Pfizer-BioNTech
    (n = 66; 37.1%)
    Sex
    chikadzi63.863.950.063.063.533.339.657.859.163.3
    Male35.134.050.036.136.066.760.442.240.935.7
    tsva1.02.100.90.500001.0
    Zera boka, yrs
    0-170.00.70.00.60.00.00.00.00.00.3
    18-4925.736.125.031.542.650.054.260.957.629.1
    50-6428.427.150.031.129.90.033.334.330.329.8
    65-7433.927.10.027.821.350.010.44.79.130.5
    75-8410.99.025.08.35.60.02.10.03.09.5
    ≥851.10.00.00.70.50.00.00.00.00.9
    Ethnicity
    Nhamba yePanishi / Latino8.015.308.25.6025.06.310.68.2
    Asiri-Puerto Rico / Latino87.781.910087.690.910054.289.189.487.6
    tsva4.32.804.23.6020.84.704.2
    rudzi
    AI / AN0.50.700.50.502.1000.5
    zvechiAsia4.95.606.17.102.114.113.65.6
    Nhema5.63.506.21.516.76.36.39.15.9
    NHPI0.2000.30.504.2000.3
    Chena82.682.610080.485.866.756.371.969.781.4
    Marudzi mazhinji1.92.101.81.516.74.24.73.01.9
    mwe2.14.202.10.506.31.63.02.1
    tsva2.31.402.52.5018.81.61.52.4

    Mapeji: AI / AN = American Indian / Alaska Native; NHPI = Native Hawaiian kana imwe Pacific Islander.
    * Peresenti yevakanyoresa vakapedza imwe v-yakachengeteka hutano kuongorora-mune ongororo mumazuva 0-7 mushure mekubaiwa.
     Chirongwa chekutanga chekudzivirira.
    § Inosanganisira vanhu vakagamuchira yekutanga Janssen single-dose uye 1 yekuwedzera dosi yejekiseni kubva kune vakanyorwa vanogadzira.

    kuitaModerna,% (n = 10,477)Pfizer-BioNTech,% (n = 11,284)Janssen,%†, § (n = 174)muunganidzwa
    (N = 22,191)
    Mushonga 3 Moderna
    (n = 10,453; 98.6%)
    Dosi 3 Pfizer-BioNTech
    (n = 144; 1.4%)
    Mushonga 3 Janssen
    (n = 4; 0.04%)
    Dosi 3 Pfizer-BioNTech
    (n = 11,209; 98.2%)
    Mushonga 3 Moderna
    (n = 197; 1.7%)
    Mushonga 3 Janssen
    (n = 6; 0.1%)
    Mushonga 2 Janssen
    (n = 48; 27.0%)
    Mushonga 2 Moderna
    (n = 64; 36.0%)
    Dosi 2 Pfizer-BioNTech
    (n = 66; 37.1%)
    Mazuva kubvira epakutanga akateedzana, median (IQR)182 (164 - 198)183 (161 - 204)173 (141 - 182)183 (157 - 209)186 (161 - 217)123 (113 - 182)84 (16 - 136)156 (140 - 164)150 (136 - 167)182 (160 - 202)
    Chero ipi jekiseni saiti saiti80.964.675.069.481.783.325.070.380.374.9
    Itching20.011.808.410.216.710.46.37.613.9
    Pain75.960.475.066.680.283.320.868.874.271.0
    Rufu25.28.309.820.816.76.37.812.117.1
    Kuzvimba33.617.4016.830.516.76.312.518.224.8
    Chero systemic reaction75.259.750.065.176.110031.368.863.669.9
    Zvinorwadza mumimba8.43.506.48.116.74.23.16.17.3
    Myalgia49.829.2036.349.250.020.845.333.342.7
    Chills31.38.350.017.533.550.08.323.410.624.1
    Diarrhea9.97.609.09.616.78.36.39.19.4
    Kuneta61.844.4051.060.983.314.648.450.056.0
    chimhepo36.420.150.022.237.150.06.337.512.129.0
    kurwadziwa nemusoro49.031.1038.449.783.318.835.940.943.4
    kurwadza kwemajoini33.018.8023.031.033.316.720.319.727.7
    Nausea18.810.425.013.621.333.38.39.418.216.1
    Mapundu2.30.701.92.504.21.61.52.1
    Kudzora2.22.125.01.42.002.1001.7
    Chero hutano hunokanganisa39.219.4025.239.133.316.728.124.231.8
    Kutadza kuita zvakajairwa zviitiko zvezuva nezuva35.218.1022.133.033.310.425.015.228.3
    Kutadza kushanda kana kuenda kuchikoro13.74.909.021.316.710.46.313.611.3
    Inoda kurapwa2.11.401.53.006.3001.8
    Telehealth0.90.700.71.002.1000.8
    Clinic0.70.700.60.504.2000.6
    Kushanya kwekukurumidzira0.2000.2004.2000.2
    Hospitalization0.05000.1000000.1
    FIGUREMaitiro akashata uye kukanganisa kwehutano kwakataurwa nevanhu vakagamuchira 3 doses * yeModerna (N = 6,283) kana Pfizer-BioNTech (N = 6,308) mushonga we COVID-19 uye wakapedza imwechete v-yakachengeteka hutano kuongorora-mune ongororo mumazuva 0– 7 mushure meimwe dosi, nenhamba yedosi - United States, Nyamavhuvhu 12 – Gunyana 19, 2021
    Chimiro chati chebhawa chinoratidza kusagadzikana uye kukanganisa kwehutano kwakataurwa nevanhu vakagamuchira 3 doses yeModerna (N = 6,283) kana Pfizer-BioNTech (N = 6,308) COVID-19 jekiseni uye akapedza imwechete v-yakachengeteka hutano kupinda-mukati ongororo pamazuva 0-7 mushure meimwe dosi, nenhamba yedosi, muUnited States muna Nyamavhuvhu 12 – Gunyana 19, 2021.
  • Aya mapaki emunyika eUS anonyanya kutarisirwa pasi
    • Mapaki emunyika eUS saYosemite uye Grand Canyon anokwezva mamirioni evashanyi pagore.
    • Chidzidzo chitsva chakaongorora ongororo dzemapaki emunyika eUS ane vashoma vanosvika miriyoni imwe pagore vashanyi kuburitsa akanyanya kudzikiswa.
    • Chidzidzo ichi chakatarisawo mumapaki emunyika akanyanya kuwanda muUnited States of America.

    Mapaki emunyika akakurumbira akadai saYosemite uye Grand Canyon kukwezva mamirioni evashanyi gore rega rega, izvo zvinogona kuita kuti zviome kuti vashanyi vave pamwe chete nemasikirwo kana nzira dzakazara uye paine mitsara yemafungiro.

    Saka kana iwe uchida kupukunyuka mapoka uye kuona imwe yematombo anokosha-akavanzwa munyika, ndeapi mapaki emunyika aunofanira kuenda?

    Chidzidzo chitsva chakaongorora ongororo dze Paki yenyika yeUSs nevashoma vanopfuura mamirioni 1 vashanyi pagore kuzoburitsa mapaki emunyika asina kunyatso svirwa munyika. Chidzidzo ichi chakatarisawo mumapaki akanyanya kuwanda muAmerica, nenhamba dzevashanyi dzinopfuura miriyoni imwe asi kuongororwa kwakashata. 

    Wepamusoro gumi epasi pasi pemapaki emunyika muUSA  

    chinzvimboPaki yenyikaVese vashanyi (2020)% ye "yakanakisa" ongororo
    1Glacier Bay, Alaska5,74892.9%
    2Kenai Fjords, Alaska115,88289.9%
    3Glacier, Montana5,74888.8%
    4Crater Lake, Oregon670,50087.1%
    5Redwood, California265,17786.2%
    6Badlands, South Dakota916,93286.1%
    7Sequoia, California796,08683.6%
    8Yakaoma Tortugas, Florida48,54382.9%
    8Haleakalā, Hawaii319,14782.9%
    10White Sands, New Mexico415,38382.3%

    Tichifunga nezvekuti iri kumusoro muAlaska, zvinogona kusashamisa kuona kuti Glacier Bay yakagamuchira vashanyi vanokwana 5,748 2020 muna 92.9. Zvisinei, avo vakashanyira paki inoyevedza iyi vari pachena kuti vanodanana nenjuzu dzayo huru uye mazaya echando nemakomo ane chando. , iine XNUMX% yeongororo dzepaki paTripadvisor inozvitsanangura seyakanakisa!

    Imwe paki yeAlaskan inotora nzvimbo yechipiri, neKenai Fjords inogamuchira avhareji ye89.9% "yakanakisa" ongororo asi vanopfuura vashanyi zviuru zana pagore. Kenai Fjords inogara kuHarding Icefield, imwe yeminda mikuru yechando munyika, inova nzvimbo inosvika makumi matatu nemasere echando pamwe nemafjords akawanda.

    Glacier National Park, iri pamuganhu neCanada, inotora nzvimbo yechitatu. Glacier National Park inovhara maeka anosvika miriyoni ane zvikamu zvemakomo maviri, nyanza dzinopfuura zana nemakumi matatu, zvinopfuura mhando dzemiti dzakasiyana siyana, uye mazana emarudzi akasiyana emhuka. Kunyangwe izvi, Glacier National Park ine vashanyi vanokwana 130 gore rapfuura, kunyangwe 1,000% yeavo vashanyi vanoitumidza "yakanakisa".

    Iine matatu epamusoro-akapihwa mareti asi asina kunyanya kufarirwa Mapaki emunyika yeUS kuve iri munzvimbo dzinotonhora zvikuru, zviri pachena kuti matombo akavanzika eU.SA ari munzvimbo dzine chando, kupesana nemapaki anozivikanwa mukudziya kweanofarira eCalifornia neUtah!

    Nezvo zvichitaurwa, tsvagiridzo iyi inoburitsa pachena mapaki emunyika akanyanya kuwanda muUSA: 

    chinzvimboPaki yenyikaVese vashanyi (2020)% ye "yakanakisa" ongororo
    1Indiana Dunes, Indiana 2,293,10651.0%
    2Cuyahoga Valley, Ohio2,755,62854.8%
    3Hot Springs, Arkansas1,348,21562.2%
    4Yosemite, California2,268,31380.1%
    5Ziyoni, Utah3,591,25481.3%

    The Sravana Sameeralu Serial XNUMXth Indiana Dunes ari pakati pemapaki emunyika anoshanyirwa kwazvo munyika, aine mamirioni 2.3 evashanyi muna2020, asi zvinoita sekunge kwete sevanhu vazhinji vakapeputswa nepaki yegungwa, iine 51% chete yevanhu vanoiona seyakanaka.

    Iwo maDunes akangova paki yenyika muna 2019 uye vazhinji vanopokana kuti havanyatso kumira zvakanyanya kubva kune zvakafanana zvinokomberedza Lake Lake Michigan izvo zvinogona kunge zvine mapoka madiki mashoma zvakare.

  • Maodzanyemba eAfrica anoenda nendege zvino neUnited Airlines uye Airlink
    • United Airlines neAirlink vanozivisa chibvumirano chekutengesa kubatsira vatengi kuongorora Southern Africa.
    • Kubatana kutsva kunopa vatengi mafambiro ari nyore kuenda kunzvimbo dzinopfuura makumi mana muSouth Africa.
    • United Airlines vatengi vanogona kuwana kana kudzikunura mamaira paUnited neAirlink ndege.

    Nhasi, United Airlines neAirlink, ndege yekuSouth Africa, vazivisa chibvumirano chitsva chekodeshare icho chinopa vatengi kubatana kwakawanda pakati peUS neSouthern Africa kupfuura chero mubatanidzwa wendege. Chibvumirano chitsva, chinoenderana nekutenderwa nehurumende, chinopa kubatana kumira kubva kuUS kuenda kunzvimbo dzinopfuura makumi mana muSouth Africa. Pamusoro pezvo, United ichave yekutanga ndege kubatanidza chirongwa chavo chekuvimbika neAirlink, ichibvumira nhengo dzeMileagePlus kuti dziwane nekudzikinura mamaira pavanofamba nendege dzeAirlink. Uku kudyidzana kutsva kuchave kuri kuwedzera kuhukama hweUnited huripo nenhengo yeStar Alliance South African Airways.

    “United iri kuenderera mberi ichiratidza kuzvipira kwedu ku Africa, kutanga nendege nhatu nyowani itsva kuenda kukondinendi gore rino chete kusanganisira basa idzva kuAccra, Ghana; Lagos, Nigeria neJohannesburg, South Africa, ”akadaro Patrick Quayle, mutevedzeri wemutungamiriri wenyika dzakawanda nekubatana ku United Airlines. “Uye ikozvino kuburikidza nechibvumirano chedu chekodeshare ne Airlink - kunova ndiko kudyidzana kwakanyanya muSouthern Africa - vatengi vanozokwanisa kutsvaga zvirinani nzvimbo dzemabhaketi mukati mekondinendi iyi kusanganisira nyore kubatana neZambia, Zimbabwe uye nezvimwe. ”

    United Airlines yakaenderera mberi nekuwedzera tsoka yayo muAfrica, iine basa rakananga kunzvimbo ina dzeAfrica. Pakutanga mwedzi uno, United yakazivisa nendege pakati peWashington, DC neLagos Nigeria ichatanga Mbudzi 29, zvichitenderwa nehurumende. Pakutanga gore rino, United yakaparura sevhisi nyowani pakati peNew York / Newark neJohannesburg, South Africa uye pakati peWashington, DC neAccra, Ghana, inotarisirwa kushanda zuva nezuva Zvita naNdira uno. Basa rakakurumbira reUnited pakati peNew York / Newark neCape Town, South Africa ichaenderera zvakare musi waZvita 1.

    “North America musika wakakosha wenzvimbo dzatiri kuenda. Iyi codeshare ichaita kuti zvive nyore kuti vatengi vedu vekuNorth America vasvike kuOkavango Delta, Chobe, Kruger National Park nenzvimbo dzepedyo dzekugara dzemitambo, Cape Town, Garden Route, Swakopmund neCopperbelt, nezvimwe, ”akadaro. Airlink CEO uye Managing Director, Rodger Foster. "Saizvozvowo, codeshare zvinoreva kuti vatengi vedu munyika gumi nemaviri dzeAfrica dzatiri kushanda parizvino, vachakwanisa kuwana nekukurumidza uye vasina musono kunetiweki yese yeUnited."

    Iyi codeshare nyowani ichaitwa pazvinobvumidzwa nehurumende.