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Ramangwana reKushanya maererano neWorld Tourism Barometer

Vatungamiriri vekushanya vari nyore kuzivisa uye kupemberera kuseri kwekusimba kweindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya. Uku kusimba kuri kutsigirwawo zvakare World Tourism Sangano (UNWTO) zvichibva pane zvichangoburwa zvakaburitswa nhasi neWorld Tourism Barometer.

The UNWTO Bharometer rakagadzirwa nevese manejimendi eWorld Tourism Organisation kubvira 2003 uye inosanganisira kutsvagisa nezve mamiriro epasirese mafambiro uye kushanya chikamu.

Maererano nevekupedzisira UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, kushanyira kwenyika dzakawanda kwakawedzera 182% gore negore muna Ndira-Kurume 2022, nenzvimbo dzepasirese dzichigamuchira vanhu vanosvika miriyoni zana negumi nenomwe vasvika kune dzimwe nyika zvichienzaniswa nemamiriyoni makumi mana nerimwe muQ117 41. mwedzi mitatu, angangoita mamirioni makumi mana nemanomwe akanyorwa munaKurume, zvichiratidza kuti kupora kuri kuwedzera.

Europe neAmerica dzinotungamira kudzoreredza kwekushanya 

UNWTO data rinoratidza kuti mukati mechikamu chekutanga cha2022, Europe yakatambira vanosvika kune dzimwe nyika zvakapetwa kana (+280%) semuQ1 ya2021, paine mhedzisiro-inofambiswa nekudiwa kwakasimba kwemukati medunhu. MuAmerica vanosvika zvakapetwa kaviri (+117%) mumwedzi mitatu imwechete. Nekudaro, vanosvika muEurope neAmerica vaive vachiri 43% uye 46% pazasi 2019 mazinga zvichiteerana.

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Middle East (+ 132%) neAfrica (+ 96%) yakaonawo kukura kwakasimba muQ1 2022 kana ichienzaniswa ne2021, asi vasvika vakaramba vari 59% uye 61% pasi pemazinga e2019 maererano. Asia nePacific zvakanyora kuwedzera kwe64% pamusoro pe2021 asi zvakare, mazinga aive 93% pazasi nhamba dze2019 sezvo nzvimbo dzakati wandei dzakaramba dzakavharwa kune kusakosha kwekufamba.

Nenharaunda, Caribbean neSouthern Mediterranean Europe inoramba ichiratidza kukurumidza kukurumidza kupora. Mune ese ari maviri, vanosvika vakadzora kusvika 75% yemazinga a2019, nedzimwe nzvimbo dzinosvika kana kudarika pre-denda.

Nzvimbo dziri kuvhurwa

Kunyangwe kushanya kwepasirese kunoramba kuri 61% pazasi 2019 mazinga, kupora zvishoma nezvishoma kunotarisirwa kuenderera mukati megore ra2022, sezvo dzimwe nzvimbo dziri kurerutswa kana kusimudza zvirambidzo zvekufamba uye kudiwa kwepent-up kuri kuburitswa. Kubva 2 Chikumi, makumi mana neshanu ekuenda (adzo makumi matatu neshanu ari muEurope) akange asina COVID-45 zvine chekuita nezvirambidzo munzvimbo. MuAsia, nhamba iri kuwedzera yenzvimbo dzatanga kurerutsa zvirambidzo izvozvo.

Zvisinei netarisiro yakanaka iyi, mamiriro ehupfumi akaomarara pamwe nekurwiswa nemauto kweRussian Federation muUkraine zvinoisa njodzi yekudzoreredza kushanya kwenyika dzese. Kushungurudza kweRussia kuUkraine kunoratidzika kunge kwakave nemhedzisiro yakananga pamhedzisiro kusvika pari zvino, kunyangwe iri kukanganisa kufamba muEastern Europe. Zvakadaro, kunetsana uku kuri kuita kukanganisa kukuru kwezvehupfumi pasi rose, kuri kuwedzera mitengo yemafuta yakatokwira uye kukwira kwemitengo kwese uye kukanganisa cheni dzepasi rose, izvo zvinokonzeresa kukwira kwemitengo yekufambisa uye yepekugara kuchikamu chekushanya.

Export mihoro kuti idzoke nekukurumidza sezvo mari inokwira 

Nyaya yazvino ye UNWTO Tourism Barometer inoratidzawo kuti US$ 1 bhiriyoni yakarasika mumari yekunze kubva kushanya dzepasirese muna 2021, ichiwedzera kumadhora bhiriyoni akarasika mugore rekutanga redenda. Yakazara mari yekunze kubva kunze kwenyika kubva mukushanya (kusanganisira maresiti ekutakura vatyairi) yakasvika inofungidzirwa US$1 bhiriyoni muna 713, kuwedzera 2021% mumashoko chaiwo kubva 4 asi zvakadaro 2020% pazasi 61 mazinga. Maresiti ekushanyirwa kwenyika akasvika US$ 2019 bhiriyoni, uyewo 602% yakakwirira mumashoko chaiwo kupfuura muna 4. Europe neMiddle East dzakanyora migumisiro yakanakisisa, nemari inokwira kusvika ku2020% yehuwandu hwepre-denda mumatunhu ose ari maviri.

Nekudaro, mari iri kushandiswa parwendo imwe neimwe iri kuwedzera - kubva paavhareji yeUS $ 1,000 muna 2019 kusvika kuUS $ 1,400 muna 2021.

Yakasimba kupfuura yaitarisirwa kupora kumberi 

Zvichangoburwa UNWTO Confidence Index yakaratidza kukwidziridzwa kwakanyorwa. Kekutanga kubva pakatanga denda, indekisi yakadzokera kumatanho a2019, ichiratidza tarisiro iri kuwedzera pakati penyanzvi dzezvekushanya pasirese, zvichivaka pamusoro pekuda kwakasimba kwepent-up, kunyanya kufamba kwe-intra-European uye US kuenda kuEurope. 

Maererano nevekupedzisira UNWTO Panel of Experts ongororo, ruzhinji rwevashandi vekushanya (83%) vanoona tarisiro iri nani ye2022 zvichienzaniswa ne2021, chero hutachiona huripo uye nzvimbo dzekuenda dzichiramba dzichirerutsira kana kusimudza zvirambidzo zvekufamba. Nekudaro, kuvharwa kuri kuramba kuchiitika kwemamwe misika mikuru inobuda, kunyanya muAsia nePacific, pamwe nekusagadzikana kunobva mukupokana kweRussia-Ukraine, kunogona kunonoka kudzoreredza kudzoreredza kwekushanya kwenyika.

Nhamba yepamusoro yenyanzvi (48%) ikozvino yaona kudzoka kwevanosvika kune dzimwe nyika kusvika kumazinga a2019 muna 2023 (kubva pa32% muongororo yaNdira), nepo muzana inoratidza kuti izvi zvinogona kuitika muna 2024 kana kuti gare gare (44%) yadzikira zvichienzaniswa. kusvika kuongororo yaNdira (64%). Zvichakadaro, pakupera kwaApril, mhepo yepasi rose mhiri kweAmerica, Africa, Europe, North Atlantic, uye Middle East yasvika kana yave pedyo ne80% ye pre-dambudziko mazinga uye kudiwa kuri kutevera.

UNWTO yakagadziridza maonero ayo e2022 nekuda kwesimba-kupfuura-inotarisirwa mhedzisiro mukota yekutanga ya2022, kuwedzera kukuru kwekuchengetwa kwendege, uye tarisiro kubva UNWTO Ruvimbo Index.

Vashanyi vekune dzimwe nyika vanosvika pari zvino vanotarisirwa kusvika pamakumi mashanu neshanu muzana kusvika makumi manomwe muzana emakumi maviri neshanu muzana muna 55, zvichienderana nemamiriro akati wandei kusanganisira chiyero icho nzvimbo dziri kuramba dzichisimudza zvirambidzo zvekufamba, kushanduka kwehondo muUkraine, kubuda kutsva kwekoronavirus uye pasi rose. mamiriro ehupfumi, kunyanya inflation nemitengo yemagetsi.

Nhau Dzakabatana

Nezvomunyori

Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz akaramba achishanda muindasitiri yekufambisa uye yekushanya kubva achiri mudiki kuGerman (1977).
Iye akatanga eTurboNews muna 1999 sebhuku rekutanga repamhepo pamhepo yepasirese yekushanya indasitiri yekushanya.

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