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Uganda Wildlife Authority inopemberera Silver Jubilee negala

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Musi waJune 24, 2022, Uganda Wildlife Authority vakaratidzira jubheri ravo resirivheri mune yakasvibira kapeti yakanaka yegala manheru inomisikidzwa nekusimba kwevaraidzo yechinyakare uye chikafu chakanaka nechinwiwa pahotera yeKampala Sheraton. Mhemberero idzi dzine dingindira rekuti “Kuvandudzwa kwekuchengetedzwa kwemhuka dzesango neshanduko dzenharaunda” dzinoratidza mabasa akakosha ehupfumi, magariro, uye ecology anoitwa nekuchengetedzwa kwemhuka dzesango mukusandura nharaunda.

Vachimirira gurukota rinoremekedzwa reTourism Wildlife and Antiquities, Hon. Tom Buttime, anga ari Munyori Mukuru, Doreen Katusiime, akapfeka zvinoyevedza pachiitiko ichi akapfeka hembe dzegirinhi. Vamwe vaivepo ndiVaUganda Wildlife Authority Board of Trustees vanosanganisira Sachigaro Dr. Panta Kasoma, Executive Director veUWA Sam Mwandah, Stephen Masaba UWA Director Tourism and Business Development, Uganda Wildlife Education and Conservation Centre Dr. James Musinguzi, Uganda Tourism Board CEO Lilly Ajarova, nemutevedzeri wake Bradford Ochieng, Principal Hotel and Tourism Training Institute Amori Miriam Namutose, Chairman Exclusive Sustainable Tour Operator Association Boniface Byamukama, Civy Tumusiime Chairperson Association of Uganda Tour Operators Sarah Kagingo, Principal Press Secretary at Parliament of Uganda Godfrey Baluku, tourism influencer. uye Mupepeti Africa Tembelea Gladys Kalema Zikusoka, Conservation Kuburikidza nePublic Health Makerere University vakapa Dr. Wilbur Aheebwa, Attilio Pacifici Ambassador weEU kuUganda, pakati pevamwe vamiriri vakati wandei uye vane chekuita nezve tourism sector.   

Kufadza parutivi, kunosvika pachiitiko ichi kwave nezviitiko zvakati kuti zvakatanga nekuparurwa kwenhau musi waChikumi 1 - Conservation Conference musi waChikumi 21 uye Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) inosanganisira kuchenesa Musika wakavakidzana weKamwokya muKampala musi waChikumi 23.

Boka reUWA Board of Trustees vachitungamirwa nasachigaro wavo Dr. Panta Kasoma vakazeyawo zvavakaita kutanga nekushanya pakati pemwedzi waChikumi pazvirongwa zvekugovana mari munharaunda dzeBwindi Impenetrable Forest neMt. Mgahinga National Parks vachiona budiriro nezvimhingamupinyi mukuita basa iri. yemapurojekiti uye nzvimbo dzekutaura dzekuita zvirinani.

Vakashanyirawo vashandi vemudunhu reRuhija kuBwindi vachiongorora nyaya dzerubatsiro uye vachitaurirana pamusoro penzira dzekusimudzira nharaunda yavo yebasa vasati vazvipa mibairo yegorilla. chiitiko chekutevera muBuhoma sector.  

Iyo UWA Mandate

"Kuchengetedza, kusimudzira hupfumi uye kutonga nekuchengetedza mhuka dzesango nenzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa dzeUganda mukubatana nenharaunda dzakavakidzana nevamwe vane chekuita nekubatsira vanhu vekuUganda nenharaunda yepasirese."

History     

Uganda Wildlife Authority yakavambwa muna Nyamavhuvhu 1996 neUganda Wildlife Statue (1996) iyo yakabatanidza Uganda National Parks uye Game Dhipatimendi.

kubudirira

Kunyangwe hazvo Gurukota rinoremekedzwa vakatadza kusvika pakupera kwaChikumi 24, vaivepo kuti vape nhoroondo yeUWA pakuvhurwa kwenhau apo vakati makore makumi maviri neshanu apfuura akaona shanduko zhinji kubva pakavambwa sangano idzva rinoita kuti dziviriro ibudirire. uye kuchengetedzwa kwemhuka dzesango muUganda. Yakagara nhaka matambudziko akadai semari shoma, kushaikwa kwemitemo yemasangano, uye vashandi vakaora mwoyo avo vakabhadharwa zvisina kufanira.

UWA yakavaka Hutongi hwakasimba, Zvirongwa zvePaki, Zvirongwa zvePaki General Management, Bhuku reHuman Resource, Chinyorwa cheMaitiro eMari, Charter yeBoard, Zvirongwa Zvekushanda Kwegore, uye mamwe marongero ekushanda uye ane hunyanzvi akagadzirwa uye ari kuitwa kuti ive nechokwadi chekuita basa rakasimba. iyo institution.

Nhamba dzevashandi veUganda Wildlife dzakakura kubva pasi pe1,000 muna 1996 kusvika pamusoro pe2,300. Nekurongeka kwakarongwa kwevarindi mwedzi uno, nhamba ichapfuura zviuru zvitatu. Sangano rakakamurwa kuita madhipatimendi matatu - anoti, ezvemitemo, rezvemari, uye rekushanya. Izvi zvakawedzerwa kuti zvibatanidze zvemutemo, kuferefeta, hungwaru, masevhisi ezvipfuyo, uye mainjiniya, pamwe nekuchengetedzwa kwenharaunda kunongedza kukura kwayo uye kugona kujairana neshanduko mukutonga kwemhuka dzesango.

Kunongedza kudikanwa kwekumisa kuwedzera kwepasirese kwehutsotsi hwemhuka dzesango huri kuramba huchiwedzera uye nekuoma musoro kwaive kuumbwa kwezvikamu zvine hunyanzvi zvakaita seCanine, Intelligence, Investigations and Prosecution, Special Wildlife Crime Units, uye dare rakakosha kubata mhosva dzemhuka dzesango.   

Izvi zvakabatsira zvikuru mukurwisa hutsotsi hwemhuka munyika izvo zvakaita kuti UWA icherechedzwe mumisangano yepasi rose yakaita seCITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.

Kupindira kwenzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa kwakadzivirirwa zvakanyanya kuburikidza nekuisa chiratidzo chemiganhu yenzvimbo dzese dzakachengetedzwa uye kuvaka kugona kwevashandi munzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa kuti dzisaite zvisiri pamutemo. Kunze kweEast Madi Wildlife Reserve uye zvimwe zvikamu zveMount Elgon National Park, dzimwe nzvimbo dzose dzakachengetedzwa dzine miganhu yakachengeteka.   

Pakave nekuvandudzika kukuru kwezvivakwa munzvimbo dzese dzakachengetedzwa munzvimbo dzese dzakachengetedzwa.

Kubva kuhofisi diki yedzimbahwe, UWA yakawana imba nyowani paPlot 7 Kira Road uye zvakare yakavaka yakakwirira-inokwira Wildlife Towers panzvimbo yekutanga. Munzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa, UWA yakavaka nzvimbo dzakawanda dzemahofisi pamwe chete nevashandi vanopfuura chiuru nemazana manomwe.

Nhamba dzevashanyi kunzvimbo dzakadzivirirwa dzakawedzera zvakanyanya kubva 85,982 vashanyi muna 1996 kusvika 323,861 muna 2019 pamberi peCCIDID-19 denda rinoratidza kuwedzera kwevashanyi mazana maviri nemakumi matatu nenomwe. Izvi zvakonzera kuti kushanyirwa kwenyika kuve iyo inotungamira mari yekunze uye kuunza, inodarika US$237,879 bhiriyoni pagore uye kupa 1.5% yeGDP.

Bazi rezvekushanyirwa kwenyika range richipinzawo mabasa 1.173 miriyoni apo 670,000 8 ari akananga, anotora zvikamu zvisere kubva muzana zvemabasa ose munyika. 

Mari yeConcession mumapaki enyika yakawedzerawo zvakanyanya kubva kuUGX 345 miriyoni muna 2006 kusvika kuUGX 4.2 bhiriyoni muna 2019 denda risati rasvika.

Pasi peUganda Wildlife Act, Revenue Sharing Scheme inopa 20% yemari yekupinda gedhi serubatsiro rwezvibvumirano runofanira kugovaniswa nenharaunda dzakatenderedza nzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa dzakapihwa kuburikidza nehurumende dzenzvimbo. Mari iyi inoitirwa kuona kuti nharaunda dzinonzwa kunaka kwekuchengetedzwa kwenharaunda munzvimbo dzavo kuitira kuti vakwanise kutsigira kuchengetedzwa kwemhuka dzesango. Mapurojekiti chaiwo anogadzirwa nenharaunda pachavo uye anobvumirana neUWA. Zvakare, nharaunda dzinobatsira mukuchengetedza kudzikisira kukakavara kwemhuka dzesango nekudaro kuumba kuwirirana.

UWA yakanyoresa kuwedzera kwehuwandu hwemhuka dzesango kumarudzi mazhinji emhuka. Huwandu hwegorilla hwemakomo muBwindi Impenetrable National Park hwakawedzera kubva pa257 muna 1994 kusvika 459 vanhu muna 2018.

Kwangosara mazuva mashoma kuenda kuchiitiko chikuru, UWA yakagamuchira chipo chakakwana nekuzvarwa kweguru remufaro kugorira rechikadzi rainzi Betina, nhengo yemhuri yeMukiza kuwedzera kutsva kwakavakirwa paRuhija.

Huwandu hwenzou hwakawedzera kubva pa1,900 muna 1995 kusvika pavanhu 7,975 muna 2020; nyati kubva pa18,000 muna 1995 kusvika pamusoro pe44,000 panosvika 2020; uye nhamba yetwiza kubva pavanhu vanofungidzirwa kuva mazana maviri nemakumi mashanu muna 250 kusvika vanopfuura zviuru zviviri muna 1995. Huwandu hwembizi dzeBurchell hwakawedzera kubva pa2,000 muna 2020 kusvika pa3,200 panosvika 1995. Zvipembere zvakanzi zvakatsakatika muUganda uye zvino zvakaziviswa kubva muna 17,516 Huwandu hwevanhu hunomira pa2020 vanhu kubva muna 1995.  

Gurukota rinoremekedzwa vanoti kuwedzera kwehuwandu hwemhuka dzesango nekuda kwekusanganiswa kwezvinhu kubva kumitemo yakanaka yehurumende, manejimendi anobudirira ecosystem, uye nekuvandudza kugona kweUWA kupa chengetedzo yemhuka dzesango uye kubatanidzwa kwenharaunda pamabasa ekuchengetedza mhuka dzesango.

UWA yave nekufamba kwemakore kuchera pamusoro pe500 km yemigero pamiganhu yepaki yakasarudzwa inosanganisira Mambokadzi Elizabeth, Kibale, neMurchison Falls National Parks Kuti vaderedze uye kuderedza kusawirirana kwevanhu. Iwo akareba mamita maviri ne2 metres akadzika migero uye anonyatso shanda pakurwisa mhuka huru. Mikoko yenyuchi inodarika zviuru gumi nechimwe yakatengwawo pamwe nekugoverwa kumapoka evanhu akasiyana. Mikoko yakaiswa parutivi pemiganhu yenzvimbo yakachengetedzwa. “Kuruma nekudzvova kwenyuchi kunoshatirisa nekuvhundutsa nzou apo huchi hunotorwa mumikoko huchitengeswa kuti vawane mari pamwe nekusimudzira raramo yenharaunda,” akadaro Mwandah.

Rabhoritari yechizvino-zvino yeBiosafety Level 2 yakavakwa panzvimbo yeMweya muQueen Elizabeth National Park. Murabhoritari inokwanisa kuongorora uye kusimbisa huwandu hwezvirwere zvemhuka (zvese mhuka dzesango uye zvipfuyo) kubva kuhutachiona, bhakitiriya, fungal, uye protozoa. Iyo laboratori inogona kubata kuferefetwa kwezvirwere zvevanhu, zvakare. Rabhoritari yepasi-yepamusoro yeBiosafety level 1 yakavakwa zvakare muMurchison Falls National Park kuti itsigire kutapurirwa kwezvirwere zvesango kuburikidza nekudzivirira, kuona. uye mhinduro.

UWA ine hunyanzvi hwekuita kufambisa mhuka dzesango mukati nekunze kwenzvimbo dzayo dzakadzivirirwa, kufambisa mhuka dzesango dzinopfuura mazana matanhatu negumi mumakore gumi apfuura, kunyanya twiza, impala, mbizi, mbira dzaJackson, nguruve hombe yesango, eland, waterbuck, ngwena, uye topi, nezvimwewo. Zvinangwa zvinotangira pakugadzirisa kusawirirana kwevanhu nemhuka dzesango, dzidzo yekuchengetedzwa kwemhuka, kuwedzera kwemarudzi, kusiyana-siyana kwezvipenyu, kushanya, nekutarisira zvipenyu zvezvinomera zvakakura kunyanya Acacia hockii nekuberekesa. Pakazosvika 601, mhuka dzakatamiswa dzinofungidzirwa kuti dzawanda kusvika pavanhu 10.

Chii chiri chiono chemakore makumi maviri nemashanu anotevera?

Buttime anonyevera kuti kwemakore 25 anotevera “Zvisinei, hatifaniri kukanganwa kudiwa kwokutoita zvakawanda kugadzirisa kurwisana kwevanhu nemhuka dzomusango uye kuderedza zviitiko zvokuvhima zvisiri pamutemo zvichiripo.”

Anodaidza vese vekuUganda pamwe nevanodyidzana nekuchengetedza uye kushanya kuti vasimudzire uye vatore chikamu muzviitiko zviri pamusoro mukupemberera chiitiko chikuru chekuchengetedza mhuka dzesango cheUganda Wildlife Authority.

Kutevera mutambo uyu, maneja weUWA Communications Manager, Hangi Bashir, akaudza eTurboNews: “Tinoda kubatanidza zvakawanikwa kubva mumakore makumi maviri nemashanu apfuura, kugadzirisa kurwisana kweHuman Wildlife, kugamuchirwa kwemichina yechizvino-zvino mukuchengetedza semuenzaniso. Nei tichifanira kuva ne25 rangers panzvimbo yemakamera emumunda? Parizvino tiri kushandisa earth ranger solution' yekuona kuparwa kwemhosva munguva chaiyo muMurchison Falls kwatinotarisisa paki pachiratidziro uye nekuisa varindi kana pane chiitiko. Tichatorawo drones nemakamera matepi patinenge tichienda kune mamwe mapaki. "

Vachitsinhirwa nemutori wedu we eTN pakuparurwa kwechirongwa ichi, Tourism and Business Manager Stephen Masaba akambomira kurambidza mapurasitiki anoshandiswa kamwe chete munzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa asi akasimbisa kuti kuchengetedza nharaunda nezviwanikwa ibasa remunhu wese. Akataura kuti UWA ine faindi dzakaoma pakurasa marara mumapaki anosvika kuUGX X zviuru zana (anenge US$100,000). Akawedzera kuti: “Kwemakore makumi maviri neshanu anotevera, UWA inoda kugamuchira vashanyi miriyoni. Pamberi peCOVID-30 taive nevashanyi mazana matatu nemakumi maviri neshanu. Kuti tiite izvi takaona kukosha kwekuisa [mu] dzimba dzekugara dzepamusoro, uye [isu] ticharamba tichishambadzira nzvimbo dzekugara dzakachipa uye dzeumbozha, uye kuchengetedza zviwanikwa tichaona maitiro akasimba anozoita kuti mhuka dzesango nezviwanikwa zvavepo. akadzivirirwa uye kana paine chikaitika, takadzidza zvidzidzo zvedu mumakore maviri apfuura, uye tichashandisa nzira dzakasimba kuona kuti hatirove chero mamiriro ezvinhu akaita seCOVID. ” 

"Kuumbwa kwenzvimbo dzemapaki dzemuUganda kwakanzi kune vatsigiri vasingafungidzirike' apo chirwere chegomarara uye hurwere hwekurara hwakamanikidza nharaunda kufa nekusiya zvinosiririsa. Murchison Falls, paki huru yenyika yeUganda (3,893 sq km), uye Queen Elizabeth National Park (1978 Sq km) yakavambwa muna 1952.

"Gore ra2006 raive chimwe chiitiko chakakosha kupemberera makore zana kubva parwendo rwesainzi rwekutanga kusvika pamusoro pe100M Ruwenzori "Mountains of the Moon" renji rinotungamirwa naItari Luigi Amedeo di Savoy, Duke weAbruzzi. Izvi zvaive nekudzokorora kwekufamba kwevazukuru vekuUganda neItaly kubva kuAlpine brigade inonzi "mutsoka dzemuchinda." Nhumwa dzakatungamirwa nemunyori uyu dzakamirira Uganda Tourism Board dzakaratidzawo chiitiko chezana kuBIT Milan Expo muna Kukadzi gore iroro pamberi pekukwira kwekupedzisira muna Chikumi.

"Parizvino, UWA inotarisira mapaki gumi enyika, nzvimbo gumi nembiri dzemhuka, uye nzvimbo shanu dzenharaunda dzemhuka. Inopawo gwara kunzvimbo 10 dzinochengeterwa mhuka uye ine basa rekutarisira mhuka dzesango mukati nekunze kwenzvimbo dzakachengetedzwa. "

Mumakore achangopfuura, varatidziri vanotsigirwa neAssociation for the Conservation of Bugoma Forest ACBF, Climate Action Network Uganda, pakati pevamwe vakadaidzira kuumbwa kwe41,000 sq km yeBugoma Forest Central Reserve kumadokero kweUganda kuti isimudzirwe ive paki yenyika kuti ichengetedze kubva. kuparadzwa zvisina tsarukano kubvira Hoima Shuga inoshanda 'kurwisa sango rekurima shuga kubva Bunyoro Kitara humambo hwakapokana hwakakwereta 22 sq mamaira kufekitori muna 2016.

Pian Upe Wildlife Reserve kuMabvazuva kweUganda yakarongedzerwawo kuti ikwidziridzwe kuenda kunzvimbo yepaki yenyika iyo inovimbisa kuchengetedzwa kuri nani uye manejimendi pasi pezviwanikwa nehunyanzvi hweUWA.

Mumakore makumi maviri neshanu anotevera uye nekupfuura, hatifanirwe kukanganwa kupemberera nekuziva vachengeti vakabhadhara mutengo wekupedzisira mukuchengetedza mhuka dzesango uye nzvimbo dzekugara muzita rekuchengetedza, zvese mukutarisana nekutyisidzirwa kubva kuzvinhu zvemhuka dzesango asi kunyanya kubva kune wega. - kutsvaga vamwe vanhu.

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Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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